Nataliia Trushkina

  Valerii Shiposha


The cluster model is an effective tool for ensuring the effective development of national economies and the transformation of the innovative ecosystems of European countries. This is determined by the goals of the cluster approach. In most European countries, cluster structures are recognized as the most effective means of implementing regional policies that promote balanced sustainable development of regions based on the use of local conditions, resources and competitive advantages. World practice testifies to the intensification of the processes of formation of cluster associations of organizations in recent decades. Currently, about 50% of the economies of developed countries are covered by the processes of creation and functioning of clusters. The purpose of the article is the analysis and synthesis of the European experience in the development of cluster structures to develop recommendations for the possible use of clustering the national economy as an effective tool for sustainable development of European countries in Ukraine. Methodology. The theoretical and methodological basis of the study are the provisions of institutional theory, in particular the paradigm of evolutionary development, clustering theory, the concept of strategic and logistical management, enterprise development management. In the process of research the following general scientific methods were used: analysis and synthesis (for the analysis of scientific schools of development of cluster theories, generalization of existing theoretical approaches and provisions, scientific developments on the problems of managing the development of cluster structures, clarification of terminological apparatus); classification and systematic approach (to systematize the conceptual approaches to defining the concepts of "cluster", "clustering", to identify industry-specific development of cluster structures in Europe); comparison and structural-logical generalization (to determine the features of the European practice of clusters and the possibility of its use in Ukraine). Results. The study revealed the sectoral focus of cluster structures in European countries. The features of the implementation of cluster policy and the key objectives of support for the development of cluster structures in a number of EU countries were identified. It is proved that the clusterization of the national economy, cluster policies and initiatives in the last decade have become important elements of strategies and concepts of innovative and sustainable development of European countries. Based on the analysis and synthesis of sectoral trends in the creation of cluster structures in European countries, it was found that the national characteristics of existing cluster policy determine the direction of cluster initiatives; strategic cluster alternatives are determined by national characteristics and the adopted cluster concept; to assess the feasibility of the cluster strategy of development of the territory it is necessary to correlate the level of investment potential and investment activity; methodological principles of formation of a national cluster strategy need to be refined and clarified, taking into account the current challenges. Practical implications. On the basis of summarizing the best European experience, it was found that to increase the competitiveness of the national and regional economy it is necessary to create cluster structures as effective forms of partnership. But as a result of the study, it was found that the current legislation of Ukraine does not pay proper attention to the formation and functioning of clusters. This requires changes and additions to the Concept of creating clusters in Ukraine, the Regional Development Strategy until 2027 and action plans for their implementation in 2021-2023 years to create cluster structures as a business entity. It is advisable to develop and approve the Concept of cluster policy and the Target Program "The formation and development of cluster formations in the regions of Ukraine for 2021-2023 years", which should provide for the creation of clusters as a special type of associations of enterprises in different fields of activity and taking into account regional characteristics. Value/originality. The author's approach to improving the regulatory support for the development of cluster associations in Ukraine, taking into account the best European practices was formulated.

How to Cite

Article views: 7 | PDF Downloads: 8



national economy, clustering, cluster initiative, cluster policy, cluster approach, cluster structure, form of partnership, model of cooperation, stakeholders, globalization, European practice, sustainable development


Bergman, E. M., & Feser, E. J. (1999). Industrial and Regional Clusters: Concepts and Comparative Applications. Web Book in Regional Science. Morganton, WV: Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.

Bilyk, R. S. (2019). Klasteryzatsiya yak instrument zabezpechennya konkurentnykh perevah natsionalʹnoyi ekonomiky u yevropeysʹkomu innovatsiynomu prostori [Clustering as an instrument for ensuring the competitive advantages of the national economy in the European innovation space]. Regional Economy, no. 1, pp. 65–75. (in Ukrainian)

Devlin, G., & Bleackley, M. (1988). Strategic Alliances Guidelines for success. Long Range Planning, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 18–23.

Dussauge, P., Garrette, B., & Mitchell, W. (2000). Learning from competing partners: Outcomes and durations of scale and link alliances in Europe, North America and Asia. Strategic Management Journal, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 99–103.

Egorov, O. I., & Chigarkina, O. A. (2006). Zarubezhnyj opyt regional'noj nauki, regional'noj politiki i territorial'nogo razvitija [Foreign experience of regional science, regional policy and territorial development]. Region: Economics and Sociology, no. 1, pp. 22–28. (in Russian)

Feldman, V. P., & Audretsch, D. B. (1999). Innovation in Cities: Science based Diversity. Specialization and Localized Competition – European Economic Review, vol. 43, pp. 409–429.

Feser, E. J. (1998). Old and New Theories of Industry Clusters. London: SelectedWorks.

Gasanov, M. A., & Kanov, V. I. (2013). Klaster kak strukturnyj institut konkurentosposobnosti jekonomiki [Cluster as a structural institution of the economy's competitiveness]. Bulletin of Tomsk State University. Economy, vol. 4, no. 24, pp. 13–21. (in Russian)

Heyets, V. (2008). Klastery i merezhevi struktury v ekonomitsi [Clusters and network structures in the economy]. Ekonomist – Economist, no. 10, pp. 10–11. (in Ukrainian)

Komar, N. (2014). Kontseptsiya formuvannya ta derzhavnoyi pidtrymky klasternykh struktur v Yevropi [Conception of formation and state support of cluster structures in Europe]. Visnyk Ternopil’s’koho natsional’noho ekonomichnoho universytetu – Bulletin of Ternopil National Economic University, no. 2, pp. 53–64. (in Ukrainian)

Kyzym, M. О. (2011). Promyslova polityka ta klasteryzatsiya ekonomiky Ukrayiny [The industrial policy and clusterization of economy of Ukraine]. Kharkiv: Inzhek. (in Ukrainian)

Liashenko, V., Ivanov, S., & Trushkina, N. (2021). A Conceptual Approach to Forming a Transport and Logistics Cluster as a Component of the Region’s Innovative Infrastructure (on the Example of Prydniprovsky Economic Region of Ukraine). Virtual Economics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 19–53. DOI:

Mamonova, V. V., Kuts, Yu. O., Makarenko, O. M. et al. (2013). Formuvannia terytorialnykh klasteriv yak instrumentu rehionalnoho rozvytku [Formation of territorial clusters as a tool of regional development]. Kyiv: NAPA. (in Ukrainian)

Marshall, А. (1993). Printsipy ekonomicheskoy nauki [Principles of economic science]: in 3 vols. Moscow: Science, Vol. 1. (in Russian)

Nochvina, І. О. (2016). Klasteryzatsiya yak chynnyk innovatsiynoho rozvytku natsional’noyi ekonomiky: svitovyy dosvid dlya Ukrayiny [Clusterization as a factor in the innovative development of the national economy: world experience for Ukraine]. In Zbirnyk naukovykh prats’ Kharkivs’koho natsional’noho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni H. S. Skovorody. Ekonomika [Proceedings of the H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University: Economics], vol. 16, pp. 47–53. (in Ukrainian)

Oskolskyy, V. V. (2014). Klasteryzatsiya – vahomyy faktor pidvyshchennya konkurentospromozhnosti ekonomiky Ukrayiny [Clustering is a significant factor in increasing the competitiveness of Ukraine’s economy]. Ekonomika Ukrayiny – Economy of Ukraine, no. 11, pp. 4–16. (in Ukrainian)

Pankova, L., & Potapenko, T. (2018). Formuvannia klasternykh modelei natsionalnykh ekonomik na zasadakh stymuliuvannia rehionalnoho rozvytku [Formation of the cluster model of national economy on the basis of regional development]. Economics and organization of management, no. 2(30), pp. 47–56. (in Ukrainian)

Pentikäinen, T. & Luukkainen, S. (2000). Trade-flow Based Industrial Clusters in the Finnish Economy – Growth Through National Synergies. Outline version for the OECD Cluster Focus Group Workshop 8-9.5. Available at:

Porter, M. E. (1998). Clusters and New Economics of Competition. Harward Business Review, November – December, pp. 77–90.

Prokopenko, Z. V. (2016). Cluster strategy of regional development: essence, the benefits of the practice of institutional support. Regional economy and management, vol. 4, no. 48, Article 4846. Available at:

Pyatinkin, S. F., & Bykova, T. P. (2008). Razvitie klasterov: sushhnost', aktual'nye podhody, zarubezhnyj opyt [Development of clusters: essence, actual approaches, foreign experience]. Minsk: Tesej. (in Russian)

Ryneyska, L. S. (2016). Klastery u suchasnii hlobalnii ekonomitsi [The clusters in the modern global economy]. Efektyvna ekonomika, no. 5. Available at: (in Ukrainian)

Shashyna, M. (2020). Instytutsiine zabezpechennia rozvytku prostorovykh form orhanizatsii biznesu v Ukraini [Institutional support for the development of spatial forms of business organization in Ukraine]. International Humanitarian University Herald. Economics and Management, vol. 42, pp. 148–153. DOI: (in Ukrainian)

Shiposha, V. (2020). The role of clusters in modern global economy. Three Seas Economic Journal, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 67–70. DOI:

Sokolenko, S. I. (2004). Klastery v hlobalnii ekonomitsi [Clusters in the global economy]. Kyiv: Lohos. (in Ukrainian)

Sölvell, Ö., Lindqvist, G., & Ketels, Ch. (2003). The Cluster Initiative Greenbook. Stockholm: Ivory Tower.

Swann, G. M. P., & Preveser, M. A. (1996). Comparison of the Dynamics of Industrial Clustering in Computing and Biotechnology. Research Policy, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 1139–1157.

Tishchenko, A. N. (2010). Teoriya i praktika organizatsii klasterov: zarubezhnyy opyt [Theory and Practice of Cluster Organization: Foreign Experience]. Problems of the economy, no. 2, pp. 9–15. (in Russian)

Trushkina, N., Dzwigol, H., & Kwilinski, A. (2021). Cluster Model of Organizing Logistics in the Region (on the Example of the Economic District “Podillya”). Journal of European Economy, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 127–145. DOI:

Tsyplitska, O. (2021). Rehionalna polityka u krainakh YeS ta instrumenty zabezpechennia investytsiinoi pryvablyvosti rehioniv [Regional policy in EU countries and instruments of provision of regions’ investment attractiveness]. International Humanitarian University Herald. Economics and Management, vol. 47, pp. 67–76. DOI: (in Ukrainian)

Voynarenko, M. P. (2018). Clusters in the institutional economics. Schweinfurt, Germany: Time Realities Scientific Group UG (Haftungsbeschränkt).

Voynarenko, M. P., & Dubnytskyi, V. I. et al. (2019). Teoriia i praktyka klasteryzatsii ekonomiky [Theory and practice of clustering of the economy]. Kamianets-Podilskyi: Aksioma. (in Ukrainian)

Yasheva, G. A. (2009). Klasternaja koncepcija povyshenija konkurentosposobnosti predprijatij v kontekste setevogo sotrudnichestva i gosudarstvenno-chastnogo partnerstva [Cluster concept of increasing the competitiveness of enterprises in the context of network cooperation and public-private partnership]. Vitebsk: VSTU. (in Russian)

Yurchak, O. et al. (2020). Natsionalna prohrama klasternoho rozvytku do 2027 roku. Kontseptsiia. Oriientyry rozvytku. Rekomendatsii [National program of cluster development until 2027. Concept. Landmarks of development. Recommendations]. Kyiv: AIAU, Platforma Industry4Ukraine. (in Ukrainian)

Zahorskyi, V. S., Kyzym, M. O., & Khaustova, V. Ye. (2010). Klasteryzatsiia ekonomik krain svitu y Ukrainy: dosvid i problemy [Clustering of economies of the world and Ukraine: experience and problems]. Problems of the economy, no. 1, pp. 3–7. (in Ukrainian)