ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF EXPENDITURE OF HUNTING FARMS IN ZAPORIZHZHIA REGION

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

  Tetiana Yavorska

  Olha Sobolevska

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to study the composition and cost structure of hunting farms in the Zaporizhzhia region and consider the economic and environmental aspects of their formation. The method of analysis and synthesis revealed the dynamics of changes in the costs of hunting farms over five years (2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019). Using the method of comparison, the main trends in the change of individual loss items are identified. Methodology. The classification of costs, their dynamics and structure on 37 hunting farms of Zaporizhzhia region are given. The studied farms differ in different forms of use of hunting grounds. Thus, as of January 1, 2020, 6 farms were part of the Ukrainian Society of Hunters and Fishermen, 20 - belonged to the enterprises of the State Forestry Agency of Ukraine, the remaining 11 - were part of other private and public hunting organizations. A vertical and horizontal analysis of costs was conducted, which revealed an increase in their volume throughout the structure, without significant changes in the structure itself. There is a tendency to reduce the share of costs for the protection, reproduction and accounting of wild animals and the management of hunting grounds. Instead, the costs of maintaining the current activities of hunting farms are increasing. The results of the study showed that the main part of the costs of hunting farms in Zaporizhzhia region (almost 80%) consists of the cost of wages and a single social contribution, operation and maintenance of vehicles, hunting buildings and structures and costs associated with the purchase of weapons, ammunition and other costs. The costs of environmental activities are decreasing, among which the costs of biotechnical measures play an important role. The share of expenditures on biotechnical measures for the conservation and reproduction of wild animals in total expenditures decreased from 14.5% in 2015 to 11.8% in 2019. Practical consequences. The study found that the current costly model of hunting in the Zaporizhzhia region, and in Ukraine as a whole, does not meet market relations and inhibits the development of effective economic and environmental hunting. Its formation was influenced by the following factors: imperfection of hunting legislation; non-compliance with European standards; excessive number of hunting grounds in use and lack of a clear mechanism for payment for their use; poaching; lack of programs for breeding wild animals, control of predators and clear requirements for the hunting service; low level of hunting culture and ethics. The current hostilities in the Zaporizhzhia region further complicate the environmental situation. Value/originality. Economic evaluation of hunting farms should take into account, in addition to estimating the direct costs and revenues of hunting farms, their total environmental, economic and social role. This is confirmed by foreign experience. For its implementation there is a need to develop a new methodology.

How to Cite

Yavorska, T., & Sobolevska, O. (2022). ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF EXPENDITURE OF HUNTING FARMS IN ZAPORIZHZHIA REGION. Green, Blue and Digital Economy Journal, 3(1), 54-59. https://doi.org/10.30525/2661-5169/2022-1-9
Article views: 19 | PDF Downloads: 11

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

hunting farms, classification of costs, composition and structure of costs, costs of biotechnical measures, costs of protection and reproduction, costly management model

References

Kozachenko, H. V., & Pohorelov, Yu. S. (2008). Udoskonalennia klasyfikatsii vytrat pidpryiemstva [Improvement of classification of charges of enterprise]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, vol. 2, pp. 81–85.

Makarynska, O. V., & Honta, D. S. (2019). Benchmarkinh yak instrument pidvyshchennia konkurentospromozhnosti malykh pidpryiemstv [Benchmarking as a tool to increase the competitiveness of small businesses]. Proceedings of the Priorytetni napriamy doslidzhen v naukovii ta osvitnii diialnosti: materialy mizhnar. naukovo-prakt. konf (Ukraine, Lviv, December 5–6, 2019). Lviv.

Medvid, L., & Hovda, H. (2013). Klasyfikatsiia vytrat myslyvskykh hospodarstv yak metodolohichna osnova orhanizatsii yikh obliku i kontroliu [Classification of costs of hunting farms as a methodological basis for the organization of their accounting and control]. Bukhhalterskyi oblik i audit, vol. 11, pp. 15–26.

Myronenko, M. O., Sheremet, I. M., Protsiv, O. R., Bashta, A. T., Delehan, I. V., Vovchenko, V. Yu., Stankevych-Volosianchuk, O. I., Burmas, V. R., Novikov, R. I., & Karabchuk, D. Yu. (2015). Proekt modeli reformuvannia i rozvytku myslyvskoho hospodarstva Ukrainy. Zhovten [Draft model of reforming and development of the hunting economy of Ukraine. October]. Available at: https://www.slideshare.net/enpifleg/ss-65435331 (accessed 22 April 2022).

Muraviov, Yu. V. (2019). Doslidzhennia vytrat i dzherel nadkhodzhennia vid vedennia myslyvskoho hospodarstva Lvivskoi oblasti [Research of costs and sources of income from hunting in Lviv region]. Naukovyi visnyk NLTU Ukrainy, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 50–52.

Novytskyi, R. O., & Domnych, V. I. (2011). Osnovy myslyvstvoznavstva [Basics of hunting science]. Dnipro: Artholos. (in Ukrainian)

Pro zatverdzhennia form derzhavnykh statystychnykh sposterezhen iz ekolohii, lisovoho ta myslyvskoho hospodarstva: Nakaz Derzhavnoi sluzhby statystyky [On approval of forms of state statistical observations on ecology, forestry and hunting: Order of the State Statistics Service] of 30.08.2017 # 239. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/v0243832-14 (accessed 01 September 2021).

Pro myslyvske hospodarstvo ta poliuvannia: Zakon Ukrainy [On hunting farms and hunting: Law of Ukraine] of 22.02.2000 № 1478-III. Available at: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1478-14 (accessed 22 April 2022).

Sobolevska, O. O. (2021). Osnovni aspekty formuvannia vytrat myslyvskykh hospodarstv [The main aspects of the formation of costs of hunting farms]. Proceedings of the Ahrarna osvita: mynule, suchasne, maibutnie : Zb. materialiv Mizhnar. naukovo-prakt. konf., prysviach. 100-richchiu Luhan. nats. ahrar. un-tu (Ukraine, Sloviansk, November 15–16, 2021). Sloviansk.

Sobolevska, O. O. (2021). Formuvannia dokhodiv myslyvskykh hospodarstv Zaporizkoi oblasti [Income formation of hunting farms of Zaporizhia region]. NV LNUVMB im. S. Z. Hzhytskoho, vol. 23, no 97, pp. 41–47.

Statystychna zvitnist Zaporizkoho oblasnoho upravlinnia lisovoho ta myslyvskoho hospodarstva. Forma 2–TP Myslyvstvo za 2015–2019 rr. (2020) [Statistical reporting of the Zaporizhzhia Regional Department of Forestry and Hunting]. Available at: https://zaplis.gov.ua

Torosov, A. S., Zuiev, Ye. S., & Kharchenko, Yu. V. (2012). Ekonomiko-pravovi aspekty hroshovoi otsinky myslyvstva [Economic and legal aspects of monetary valuation of hunting]. Lisnytstvo i ahroli-somelioratsiia, vol. 120, pp. 149–155.

Volokh, A. M. (2004). Velyki ssavtsi Pivdennoyi Ukrayiny v XX storichchi (dynamika arealiv, chysel'nosti, okhorona ta upravlinnya) [Large mammals of Southern Ukraine in the ХХ century (Dynamics of Areals, Numbers, Guard and management)]. Kyiv. (in Ukrainian)

Watt, K. (1971). Ekologiya i upravleniye prirodnymi resursami: kolichestvennyy podkhod [Ecology and management of natural resources: quantitative approach]. Under a release and preface Naumov N.P., Mir. (in Russian)