The division of the armed forces into peacetime and wartime military formations (MFs) is carried out taking into account a number of aspects, namely military and political, military and strategic, military and economic, physical and geographical, operational (operational and tactical), demographic, regulatory, etc. An important place is given to the military and economic aspects, such as macroeconomic indicators of the condition and development of the national economy, the dynamics of changes in its military budget and the maximum possible degree of military and economic tension (opportunities for the deployment of military organization in a special period); the degree of dispersion, protection and vulnerability of important economic facilities of the country, its transport capabilities (infrastructure); cost indicators for maintaining unions (units) with varying degrees of preparedness for the mission execution for the purpose intended, their mobilization (transition to the wartime table of organization and equipment) and alerting; opportunities for the country's economy to modernize and produce new models of AMH, providing the needs of troops (forces) with the necessary material means (fuel and lubricants, food, property, etc.). Analysis of the problematic issues of organizing the armed forces, in particular their division into peacetime and wartime MFs, reflects the following contradiction: on the one hand, increasing the number of permanent readiness (peacetime) unions (units) involves the growth of the amount of financial costs for their maintenance, but at the same time reduces the time for their alerting; on the other hand, increasing the number of wartime unions (units) that need to be mobilized and alerted, provides a reduction in financial costs for their maintenance, but increases the time to alerting. According to the authors, the solution to this contradiction requires a comprehensive approach, which provides an in-depth consideration of the experience of troops and the use of theoretical research methods to justify the division of armed forces in the peacetime and wartime MFs. However, there is a lack of methods (methodological approaches) that would allow the in-depth consideration of resource and time limitations on the maintenance and alerting of troops, and on this basis, justification of the optimal division of the armed forces into unions (units) with varying degrees of manpower and equipment organization, security, training and preparedness to execute missions for the purpose intended. In this regard, the authors propose a methodological approach, which, taking into account military and economic aspects, in particular, the average annual financial resources required for the maintenance, mobilization (completion) and alerting unions (units) of a certain type, will allow a more reasonable approach to the division of the armed forces into peacetime and wartime MFs. The methodological approach presented in the article also applies to others formed in accordance with the legislation of MFs, which are entrusted with tasks and functions for the national security, protection of the country's sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability.
How to Cite
alertness and mobilization preparedness, armed forces, military formations, unions (units), military and economic aspects, financial resources, methodological approach, optimization problem
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