INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS SYSTEM AS A FACTOR OF TRANSFORMATION OF NATIONAL CURRENCY SYSTEM

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  Andrii Oliinyk

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to analyze theoretical and practical aspects of the features of the IFI influence on transformation of national currency systems of such organizations’ member states. Defining features of interaction policy among national economies and IFI in the monetary sphere, considering countries’ socio-economic parameters of development, will allow monetary authorities to achieve the optimum level of development of its economy. Methodology. Theoretical base of the study are the provisions of general scientific theory of knowledge studied phenomena and processes, in particular: methods of induction and deduction (in determining classification criteria of IFIs impact on national currency system), analysis and synthesis (in determining the features and priorities of national currency system), comparisons, associations and analogies (the justification of characteristics of advantages and disadvantages of IFI). The information base for scientific research is scientific papers and publications of domestic and foreign scientists-economists, materials of scientific-practical conferences, legislative and normative documents, the IMF, World Bank and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank materials. Results. Theoretical approaches to the definition of the national currency system and international financial organizations, including its classification, are proposed. It is proved that the IMF makes active impact on national currency policy formation through regulation and supervision, while the World Bank and AIIB are related in a passive way. The IFI regulation trends are to implement floating exchange regime, liberal currency transactions, cancel currency restrictions in member countries. Although it refers to all countries, some of them with large population, trading, underdeveloped institutions of democracy could avoid some IFI pressure. Practical implications. The study accents attention on the specifics of the IFI activity in terms of changing the currency policy of member countries. Comparison of priorities among national currency policy and IFI recommendations could be applicable for national authorities in performing national currency policy. Value/originality. Despite the existing studies in the field of international monetary policy, there is a gap in theoretical definition of interaction between IFI and national monetary authorities in the field of national currency policy forming at present. This article brings new approaches to the IFI classification and approaches to the definition of IFI characteristics in terms of impact on currency policy of member country.

How to Cite

Oliinyk, A. (2016). INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS SYSTEM AS A FACTOR OF TRANSFORMATION OF NATIONAL CURRENCY SYSTEM. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 2(3), 99-106. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2016-2-3-99-106
Article views: 232 | PDF Downloads: 149

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Keywords

International financial institution, national currency system, exchange rate regime, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

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