THE IMPACT OF FINANCIAL STABILIZATION POLICIES ON THE LEVEL OF NON-PERFORMING LOANS: PROBLEMS AND CONTRADICTIONS (THE CASE OF CYPRUS)

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  Tatjana Ptasica

Abstract

The relevance of the article stems from the current level of non-performing loans (NPLs), which remain very high and pose risks of financial instability in Cyprus. Further reducing the high level of NPLs is one of the main strategic objectives of the Cyprus Stability Program for the period 2019-2022. The purpose of this paper is to identify problems and contradictions in the current financial stabilization policy in the banking sector of Cyprus and to help policy makers of financial policy to trace the problems and contradictions in the course of its implementation. The object of the study is the financial and, in particular, the banking sector of Cyprus, which is largely concentrated within the two systemic banks. The methodology of the study is based on theoretical and methodological analysis of the scientific literature, statistical method, observations, comparative method and analysis, as well as analytical and comparative graphs, comparative and analytical approaches. The results of this study show that the profitability of the banking sector of Cyprus is still negatively affected by a long period of low interest rates, as well as the burden of increasing provisions for bad debts. The adoption of the accounting standard (IFRS9) will lead to a further increase in the amount of provisions for impaired loans and thus have a negative impact on the profitability of banks. In addition, the decrease in the loan-to-deposit ratio was mainly due to a significant reduction in the loan portfolio of Cypriot banks. The significant decline in total lending by banks is due to the high level of non-performing loans in Cyprus, accounting for 31.8% of total loans at the end of November 2018. Moreover, about half of all NPLs are NPLs of households. The ESTIA program was created to address NPLs in Cyprus. Overall, the results of the study also show that the launch of the ESTIA program in 2019 will lead to an increase in moral hazard. Significant growth in demand for real estate in Cyprus is due to government policy and is carried out through the Citizenship for Investment program. Increased demand causes prices to rise and forms a bubble in the real estate market. In turn, the formation of a housing price bubble is one of the pre-crisis conditions.

How to Cite

Ptasica, T. (2021). THE IMPACT OF FINANCIAL STABILIZATION POLICIES ON THE LEVEL OF NON-PERFORMING LOANS: PROBLEMS AND CONTRADICTIONS (THE CASE OF CYPRUS). Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 7(5), 11-17. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2021-7-5-11-17
Article views: 319 | PDF Downloads: 187

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Keywords

the financial system of Cyprus, non-performing loans, commercial banks, financial and stabilization policy

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