With the intensification of international integration processes, export potential is the most important factor in the economic growth of states and a condition for equal accession to the world economy. The purpose of the study is to identify the factors of formation and implementation of the export potential of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine, its evaluation, the definition of the place of Ukrainian products on world food markets. Methodology. To achieve the designated objectives, a comprehensive approach was used, which included the calculation of indicators of export potential of Ukrainian agro-industrial complex in international trade with the countries of the world and in comparison with major trading partners through the dynamics and structure of foreign trade, export value per capita, export quota, export share of goods in their production, net export potential coefficient; the ratio of the export quota to the population; the country's export efficiency ratio; the country's participation in the international division of labour; the indicator of comparative (relative) advantages. Research results. It was established that the export potential of Ukrainian agro-industrial complex is formed under the influence of stimulating and restraining factors. During the period under review (2010-2020) high rates of development of foreign trade in agri-food products of Ukraine were revealed, especially with the countries of Asia, Europe and Africa. However, there are also negative trends: strengthening the export potential of the complex at the expense of raw materials and semi-finished products and at the expense of losing positions in the world market of Ukrainian products with high added value; unjustified priority to stimulate export of agricultural products, which confirms the low level of export efficiency, despite the significant activity of Ukraine in the world market compared to partner countries; low level of export potential of Ukrainian agro-industrial complex in comparison with EU countries as a result of technological backwardness of the producer; small list of export agro-industrial commodity groups with sustainable comparative advantages and their low technology in relation to countries of all world regions indicates the low level of development of agriculture and the economy as a whole. In this regard, there is a need for structural reforms in the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine, strengthening institutional support for the production and export of food products, which contain a high level of added value. Practical implications. The main theoretical provisions and conclusions formulated by the authors can serve as a methodological basis for improving the export strategies of various sectors of the economy. Value/originality. The proposed results can be used to justify the mechanism of formation of the export potential of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine on the basis of increasing the production of goods with high added value.
How to Cite
export potential, foreign trade, agro-industrial complex, globalization, integration
Bosak, A. O. (2019). Potochnyi stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku APK Ukrainy: poshuk novykh rynkiv zbutu [Current state and prospects of development of agro-industrial complex of Ukraine: search of new markets]. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho natsionalnoho universytetu [Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University], 24(1). (in Ukrainian)
Budziak, V., & Budziak, O. (2020). Zernovyj eksport Ukrayny [Grain exports of Ukraine]. Zovnishnja torghivlja: ekonomika, finansy, pravo [Foreign trade: economics, finance, law], 4. (in Ukrainian)
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2013). Pro skhvalennja Koncepciji rozvytku derzhavno-pryvatnogho partnerstva v Ukrajini na 2013-2018 roky: Rozporjadzhennja Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrajiny; Koncepcija vid 14.08.2013 № 739-r [On approval of the Concept for the development of public-private partnership in Ukraine for 2013-2018: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine; The concept of 14.08.2013 № 739-r]. (in Ukrainian)
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2013). Pro skhvalennja Strateghiji rozvytku aghrarnogho sektoru ekonomiky na period do 2020 roku: Rozporjadzhennja Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrajiny; Strateghija vid 17.10.2013 № 806-r [On approval of the Strategy for the development of the agricultural sector of the economy for the period up to 2020: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine; Strategy from 17.10.2013 № 806-r]. (in Ukrainian)
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2007). Pro zatverdzhennja Derzhavnoji ciljovoji proghramy rozvytku ukrajinsjkogho sela na period do 2015 roku: Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrajiny; Proghrama, Pasport, Zakhody vid 19.09.2007 №1158 [About the statement of the State target program of development of the Ukrainian village for the period till 2015: the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine; Program, Passport, Activities from 19.09.2007 № 1158]. (in Ukrainian)
Chesnik, N. M., Rozhko, Z. P., & Strus, L. A. (2019). Eksportno-importnyi potentsial molochnoi promyslovosti Ukrainy [Export-import potential of the dairy industry of Ukraine]. Derzhava ta rehiony [State and regions], 3, 147–155. (in Ukrainian)
Dukhnytskyi, B. V. (2019). Rozvytok i perspektyvy ahrarnoho eksportu Ukrainy [Development and prospects of agricultural exports of Ukraine]. Visnyk ahrarnoji nauky [Bulletin of Agricultural Science], 5 (794). (in Ukrainian)
European Statistical Office (Eurostat) (2021). Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database?node_code=aact_eaa01 (accessed 05 November 2021).
FAO (2020). Electronic resources. Available at: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/TI (accessed 15 June 2021). (in English)
Golovachova, O. S., Iksarova, N. O., & Kudyrko, L. P. (2018). Prospects for increasing exports of agricultural products in the context of deepening the strategic partnership between Ukraine and the EU. Scientific bulletin of Polissia, 1(13), 1. (in English)
Herajmovych, V. L., Humenjuk, I. L., & Kubaj, O. G. (2019). Suchasnyi stan rozvytku haluzi ta eksportu produktsii tvarynnytstva Ukrainy [The current state of development of the industry and export of livestock products of Ukraine]. Ekonomika. Finansy. Menedzhment: aktualni pytannia nauky i praktyky [Economy. Finances. Management: current issues of science and practice], 5, 36–45. (in Ukrainian)
Izhevskyi, P. G. (2018). Aghropromyslovyj kompleks Ukrajiny: suchasnyj stan, tendenciji ta perspektyvy rozvytku [Agro-industrial complex of Ukraine: current state, trends and prospects of development]. Intelekt ХХІ [Intelligence XXI], 3. (in Ukrainian)
Ladychenko, K. I., & Tunitska, Yu. M. (2019). Features of trade facilitation in Ukraine in the context of sustainable development strategy. Strategic Management: Global Trends and National Peculiarities (Collective monograph). Poland: Baltija Publishing.
Lazarjeva, O. V., & Vakar, K. V. (2019). Rozvytok eksportnogho potencialu aghrarnogho sektora ekonomiky Ukrajiny v umovakh ghlobalizaciji [Development of export potential of the agricultural sector of Ukraine's economy in the conditions of globalization]. Aghrosvit [Agrosvit], 1–2, 3–9. (in Ukrainian)
Lyakhovska, O. V. (2019). Tendenciji eksportu zerna i produktiv jogho pererobky v Ukrajini [Trends in exports of grain and products of its processing in Ukraine]. Derzhava ta reghiony [State and regions], 5, 44–48. (in Ukrainian)
Ministry of Economy of Ukraine (2019). Sektoraljna eksportna strateghija “Kharchova i pererobna promyslovistj Ukrajiny na 2019-2023 rr.” [Sectoral export strategy “Food and processing industry of Ukraine for 2019-2023”]. Available at: https://www.me.gov.ua/Documents/Detail?lang=uk-UA&id=515d8680-59af-417d-b782-ebbe388f3dd3&title=SektoralnaEksportnaStrategiiakharchovaIPererobnaPromislovistUkraini-doslidzhennia-Ukrainskoiu Movoiu (accessed 15 June 2021). (in Ukrainian)
Melnyk, T. M., & Tunitska, Yu. M. (2020). Instytucijne zabezpechennja mizhnarodnoji konkurentospromozhnosti APK Ukrajiny [Institutional support of the international competitiveness of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine]. Zovnishnja torghivlja: ekonomika, finansy, pravo [Foreign trade: economics, finance, law], 4(111), 69–90. (in Ukrainian)
Melnyk, Yu. V., & Samosudov, A. S. (2020). Rozvytok eksportnogho potencialu pidpryjemstv molochnoji ghaluzi v umovakh jevropejsjkoji integhraciji Ukrajiny [Development of export potential of dairy enterprises in the conditions of European integration of Ukraine]. Molodyj vchenyj [Young Scientist], 3 (79), March. (in Ukrainian)
Nadvynychnyj, S. A. (2018). Suchasni umovy formuvannja ta realizaciji eksportnogho potencialu aghrarnoji sfery reghioniv Ukrajiny [Modern conditions of formation and realization of export potential of agrarian sphere of regions of Ukraine]. Ekonomichnyj analiz [Economic analysis], 28(3), 56–61. (in Ukrainian)
Okhrimenko, O. O. (2018). Integhrovanyj rozvytok eksportnogho potencialu APK Ukrajiny v konteksti transformaciji zovnishnjoekonomichnykh zv'jazkiv [Integrated development of the export potential of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine in the context of the transformation of foreign economic relations]. Efektyvna ekonomika [Efficient economy], 4. (in Ukrainian)
Polkovnichenko, S. O., & Rosokhach, O. V. (2016). Current trends in the realization of the export potential of the agricultural sector of the economy of Ukraine. Naukovyj visnyk Polissja [Scientific Bulletin of Polissya], 1, 37–45.
Popko, O. V. (2018). Eksportnyj potencial kharchovoji promyslovosti Ukrajiny [Export potential of the food industry of Ukraine]. Visnyk Nacionaljnogho universytetu vodnogho ghospodarstva ta pryrodokorystuvannja; Ekonomichni nauky [Bulletin of the National University of Water Management and Environmental Sciences: Economic sciences], 4, 154–165. (in Ukrainian)
State Service of Ukraine for Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre (GeoСadastre). (n.d.). land.gov.ua. Available at: https://land.gov.ua/info/statystyka (in Ukrainian)
State Statistics Committee of Ukraine (2021). Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/oper_new.html (accessed 27 October 2021).
TrendEconomy (2021). Available at: https://trendeconomy.ru/data/commodity_h2/TOTAL (accessed 10 October 2021).
United Nations Statistics Division. UN Comtrade. (2021). Available at: https://comtrade.un.org/data (accessed 22 October 2021).
Urba, S. I. (2019). Realizacija eksportnogho potencialu aghrarnogho sektoru v systemi zovnishnjoekonomichnoji bezpeky Ukrajiny [Realization of the export potential of the agricultural sector in the system of foreign economic security of Ukraine]. Infrastruktura rynku [Market infrastructure], 33, 116–124. (in Ukrainian)
Voronych, M. M. (2019). Rezuljtaty analitychnogho oghljadu aghrarnogho eksportu Ukrajiny [The results of the analytical review of agricultural exports of Ukraine]. Naukovi ghoryzonty [Scientific horizons], 11 (84). (in Ukrainian)
World Bank (2020). Available at: https://databank.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD/1ff4a498/Popular-Indicators (accessed 20 June 2021).
Zrailo, I. I. (2019). Osoblyvosti strukturyzaciji eksportnogho potencialu zernoproduktovogho pidkompleksu APK [Features of structuring the export potential of the grain subcomplex of agro-industrial complex]. Visnyk Sumsjkogho nacionaljnogho aghrarnogho universytetu. Serija “«Ekonomika i menedzhment” [Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. “Economics and Management” series], 4 (82). (in Ukrainian)