The article analyzes the state guarantee of citizens' right to quality medical care in terms of vaccination against COVID-19. It has been established that in modern conditions it is extremely important to ensure the proper functioning of health care, the provision of quality medical services, which, in turn, will guarantee proper medical care. At the time when the world has already entered the stage of eradicating coronavirus disease, through mass vaccination, the role of state regulation of these activities increases significantly. The state must provide Ukrainian citizens not only with vaccines, but also with reliable information about the need for vaccination. It turns out that the small number of vaccinated people in Ukraine is not only due to the slow pace of procurement and vaccination, but also to the lack of awareness of citizens about all the benefits of the need for vaccination. The main vaccination rates in the world and Ukraine as of mid-April 2021 have been determined. It is concluded that the positive in today's conditions are: the efforts of the legislator still not to influence the subjective choice of every resident of Ukraine on the need for vaccination; regulatory support of the Center for Public Health, which in turn will strengthen the network of regional Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (СDC); creation of a Roadmap for the introduction of a vaccine against acute respiratory disease COVID-19 caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. At the same time, negative aspects remain: public ignorance of the importance of vaccination, the slow pace of vaccination, and delays in approving the necessary vaccine doses, which in turn undermine the authority of the state and its bodies in the context of human rights to quality health care. Proposals are made to focus the attention of public authorities and local governments on the information component of ensuring the right of citizens to quality health care in the context of vaccination against COVID-19.
How to Cite
citizens, legal culture, medical care, COVID-19, state authorities
The Constitution of Ukraine: the law of Ukraine of June 28, 1996 № 254k / 96-VR. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text
Fundamentals of the legislation of Ukraine on health care: Law of Ukraine of 19.11.1992 №2801-XII. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2801-12#Text
Lytvyn, N. A., & Artemenko, O. V. (2021). Protecting human rights in the context of the covid-19 pandemic, taking into account the gender component. Pravo.ua, № 1, pp. 50–56.
Theory of state and law. textbook manual; for general ed. S. D. Gusareva, O. D. Tikhomirova. Kyiv: NAVS, Education of Ukraine, 2017. 320 p.
Karamishev, D. V. (2007). Problems of providing constitutional guarantees and implementation of state health policy in Ukraine. mater. And All-Ukrainian scientific practice. conf. (April 19-20, 2007, Lviv). LOBF "Medicine and Law", p. 157.
On the public health system: draft law of Ukraine dated 22.09.2020 № 4142. Available at: http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc4_1?pf3511=70025
Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Available at: https://phc.org.ua/pro-centr
Vaccination in Ukraine will be voluntary - Mykhailo Radutsky on the bill № 4142. Available at: https://sluga-narodu.com/vaktsynatsiia-v-ukraini-bude-dobrovilnoiu-mykhaylo-radutskyy-pro-zakonoproiekt-4142/
Pretty v. The United Kingdom: judgment of the European Court of Human Rights (Case №2346 / 02) of 29 April 2002. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/980_210#Text
Number of citizens as of March 1, 2021. Official data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/
Statistics of vaccination against coronavirus (COVID-19). Available at: https://index.minfin.com.ua/en/reference/coronavirus/vaccination/
On approval of the Roadmap for the introduction of the vaccine against acute respiratory disease COVID-19 caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, and mass vaccination in response to the pandemic COVID-19 in Ukraine in 2021-2022: order of the Ministry of Health Of Ukraine from 24.12.2020 № 3018. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/v3018282-20#Text
Ukraine should make 47 million vaccinations by the end of 2021. Available at: https://www.slovoidilo.ua/2021/04/12/novyna/suspilstvo/ukrayina-povynna-zrobyty-47-mln-vakcynaczij-kincya-2021-roku-lyashko
Lekhan, V. M., Slabky, G. O., & Shevchenko, M. V. (2015). Analysis of the results of reforming the health care system in the pilot regions: positive consequences, problems and possible ways to solve them. Ukraine. The health of the nation, vol. 3, pp. 67–86.
Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated 04.10.2021 № 2153 "On approval of the List of professions, industries and organizations whose employees are subject to mandatory preventive vaccination". Available at: https://moz.gov.ua/article/ministry-mandates/nakaz- moz-ukraini-vid-04102021--2153-pro-zatverdzhennja-pereliku-profesij-virobnictv-ta-organizacij-pracivniki-jakih-pidljagajut-obovjazkovim-prophylactic-scheplennjam
Artemenko, O. V., & Lytvyn, N. A. (2021). Providing the population with public medical services as a guarantee of the realization of the constitutional right to health care. Legal scientific electronic journal, vol. 3, pp. 157–159. Available at: http://lsej.org.ua/index.php/arkhiv-nomeriv?id=135
Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of Ukraine of 24.12.1999 № 13 "On the practice of application by courts of legislation on remuneration of labor".