Published: May 23, 2023

  Oleksandr Boiarsky

  Yana Maslova

  Alevtina Pekhnyk


The subject of the study is the conceptual, theoretical and methodological foundations of the use of digital tools in law enforcement on the example of individual institutions (National Agency for the Prevention of Corruption, Ministry of Justice of Ukraine). Methodology. General scientific methods were used in the research process. The comparison method was used to summarize the approaches of different researchers regarding the main dominants of the implementation of the idea of electronic registers and their interaction by default. The analysis was used to determine the quantitative and qualitative parameters that characterize the specifics of the activities of the National Agency for the Prevention of Corruption, the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine in the digital era. Induction and deduction were used to determine the approaches to the main dominant legal forms of activity of the central bodies of state executive power. The results of the study showed that the introduction and application of digital skills in the activities of public authorities creates conditions for the effective performance of their powers, as well as contributes to the public interest in general. Conclusion. It is concluded that the significance of interest for the development of human civilization is manifested in the fact that: a) interest, along with needs and values, motivating the social subject (individual, group, historical community, class, nation, society), is the driving force of the historical process (immanent – dynamic property of interest); b) the realization of interest is impossible without its awareness, which occurs in the process of constant comparison of the life situation of individuals, social groups, historical communities among themselves (intellectual and practical property of interest). It is established that the public interest in the activities of the anti-corruption body is expressed in ensuring the prevention and counteraction to corruption, which is specified through the main powers. It is noted that a potential conflict of interest will differ from the real one in the case when a private interest existing in the sphere of official activity contradicts official or representative powers and this actually affects, but cannot affect the performance of official duties, attention is focused on the actions to be taken by the subject who has a conflict of interest.

How to Cite

Boiarsky, O., Maslova, Y., & Pekhnyk, A. (2023). PHENOMENOLOGY OF INTEREST IN THE FORMATION OF HUMAN HABIT (ANTI-CORRUPTION ASPECT). Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 9(2), 55-64.
Article views: 373 | PDF Downloads: 183



interest, human habit, people-centeredness, public interest, prevention of conflict of interests


Shelistov, Yu. I. (2017). The theory of legal statehood. Moscow: "Direct-Media".

The Constitution of Ukraine: adopted at the fifth session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on June 28, 1996. Available at:

Conflicts of interest in research: looking out for number one means keeping the primary interest front and center. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2015 Jun;8(2):122-7. PMID: 25851417; PMCID: PMC4596167. DOI:

Shimazawa, R., & Ikeda, M. (2014). Conflicts of interest in psychiatry: strategies to cultivate literacy in daily practice. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. Jul;68(7):489-97. Epub 2014 Jun 19. PMID: 24802771. DOI:

Golladay, G. J., & Jain R. (2022). Conflict of Interest: Full Transparency. Arthroplast Today. Jan 31;13:208-209. PMID: 35141377; PMCID: PMC8814589. DOI:

Interest Encyclopedia of sociology. Available at:

Interest Psychological encyclopedia. Available at:

Interest Modern encyclopedia. Available at:

Interest Philosophical dictionary. Available at:

Interest. Encyclopedia of modern Ukraine. Available at:

Korkyuf, F. (2001). The collective in dispute with the individual: pushing away from the habit. Pierre Bourdieu's socioanalysis. Aleteia Institute of Experimental Sociology. P. 250–281.

Administrative law of Ukraine. Academic course: textbook: in 2 volumes: T. 1. General part / ed. number V. B. Averyanov (head). Kyiv: Legal Opinion Publishing House, 2004. 584 p.

Official website of the National Agency for the Prevention of Corruption. Available at:

International Code of Conduct for Civil Servants. Available at:

On prevention of corruption: Law of Ukraine dated 14.10.2014 No. 1700-VII. Available at:

Implementation of measures to prevent and resolve conflicts of interest among subjects authorized to perform the functions of the state or local self-government, as well as prohibitions and restrictions. Available at:

Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers to the member states of the Council of Europe regarding codes of conduct for civil servants. 2000. Available at:;jsessionid=ADD49945492AB4622122873FCCB7BD8D?art_id=48082&cat_id=46352

Volyansky, P. B. (2014). Ways to prevent conflicts of interest in public service. Public administration: improvement and development, vol. 6. Available at:

Hudkov, D. V. (2014). Conflict of interests and ways of its settlement in national legislation. Law and Society, vol. 1–2, pp. 120–124.

Bodun, T. (2009). Conflict of interests as a determinant of reforming the power system in Ukraine. Collection of scientific papers of the National Academy of Sciences / by general ed. V. P. Prikhodka. Kyiv: NADU, Vol. 2. P. 224–235.

Khamkhodera, O. P. (2019). Prevention of corruption in the public service. Administrative law of Ukraine. Full course: textbook / Galunko V., Dikhtievskyi P., Kuzmenko O., Stetsenko S. and others. The second edition. Kherson: OLDI-PLUS.

Decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine in the case of interest protected by law dated December 1, 2004 No. 18-рп/2004. Available at:

Vasiliev, V. P., Dekhanova, N. G., & Kholodenko, Yu. A. (2009). Public administration. Moscow: Business and Service.

Maslova, Ya. I. (2021). Prevention and settlement of conflicts of interest as a means of preventing corruption. Legal position, vol. 2(31), pp. 125–128.

On Bringing to Administrative Responsibility for Certain Corruption-related Offences: Letter of the Higher Specialized Court for the Consideration of Civil and Criminal Cases dated May 22, 2017. Available at:

Methodological recommendations for the prevention and settlement of conflicts of interest. Office of the Executive Directorate of the Social Insurance Fund of Ukraine in the Dnipropetrovsk region. Available at:;jsessionid=DEF4EFF58255D107B61697F3005908A4

Report on the activities of the National Agency for Prevention of Corruption for 2019. Available at:

Report on the activities of the National Agency for the Prevention of Corruption for 2020. Available at: