LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published: Aug 25, 2023

  Alla Sotska

  Nataliia Pavlovska

  Oleg Zaverukha

Abstract

The purpose of the article is that its authors have attempted to identify the nature of different types of legal responsibility for the violation of specific socio-economic rights of people with disabilities. For this purpose, through the use of dialectical, comparative legal methods, grouping methods, documentary analysis and analysis, the theoretical-practical and legislative aspects of material (financial), administrative, civil, criminal and disciplinary responsibility for the violation of the rights of persons with disabilities to work, strike, rest, entrepreneurial activity, social protection and social security, housing, health care and rehabilitation and a number of other rights. As a result, specific examples of violations of the social and economic rights of persons with disabilities are given. Emphasis is placed on rare cases of violations of the right to reproductive health of persons with disabilities who wish to become parents, as well as those who are aware of the disability of an unborn child. In this context, the critical situation of persons with disabilities living in prisons, where they are effectively deprived of the right to create a family, is noted. A separate level of violations of the rights of people with disabilities is related to discrimination on the grounds of disability, which manifests itself in all spheres of life of representatives of this category of the population in relation to practically all rights provided for them at the legislative level. The article also mentions frequent cases of violation of the right to an adequate level of social security, to the provision of medicines, to education, to employment, to parking in specially designated places, to free travel on public transport, etc. In connection with such a situation, the institution of responsibility (administrative, civil, criminal, disciplinary and material) for the violation of socio-economic rights of people with disabilities functions. Its grounds and mechanisms of application are defined to varying degrees in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the Criminal Code of Ukraine, the Code of Administrative Offences of Ukraine, as well as the following laws of Ukraine: "On the Fundamentals of Social Protection of Persons with Disabilities in Ukraine", "On Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities in Ukraine", "On Liability for Offences in the Field of Urban Development" and other regulatory acts. The above conclusions are supported by a series of statistical data on the situation of accessibility of the environment for people with disabilities, their employment, the level of impoverishment of this category of the population, the protection of violated rights before the courts, etc. The value of the proposed article is reduced to the fact that it is a complex scientific work reflecting the author's view of the current state, problems and prospects for development of the field of legal responsibility for violation of socio-economic rights of people with disabilities.

How to Cite

Sotska, A., Pavlovska, N., & Zaverukha, O. (2023). LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 9(3), 185-193. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2023-9-3-185-193
Article views: 370 | PDF Downloads: 189

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

person with disabilities, socio-economic rights, responsibility, offence, crime, discrimination

References

6 myths about mental health. Available at: https://kybpnd.lic.org.ua/novini/6-mifiv-pro-psychichne-zdorov-ya/

Analytical report, based on the results of a survey of legal representatives of children with disabilities (up to 18 years old) regarding access in Ukraine after February 24, 2022 to guarantees, benefits and services established by law for children with disabilities and their family members. Available at: https://naiu.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2023/03/NAIU_SurveyFamilyUA.pdf

Barrier-free legal assistance for people with disabilities. Available at: https://legalaid.gov.ua/novyny/bezbaryernist-pravovoyi-dopomogy-lyudyam-z-invalidnistyu/

Chernetska, L. V. (2020). Improvement of tools for promoting employment among persons with disabilities. Current issues of economics, finance and management in modern conditions: collection of theses of scientific works of the participants of the All-Ukrainian Scientific and Practical Conference (Odesa, November 14, 2020). Odesa: NGO «Center for Economic Research and Development», pp. 44–49.

Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offences. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/80731-10/print

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_g71#Text

Criminal Code of Ukraine. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14/print

Due to the response of the Commissioner, measures were taken to ensure the right of persons with disabilities to free travel in city transport in Bila Tserkva. Available at: https://www.ombudsman.gov.ua/news_details/za-reaguvannya-upovnovazhenogo-vzhito-zahodiv-shchodo-zabezpechennya-prava-osib-z-invalidnistyu-na-bezkoshtovnij-proyizd-u-miskomu-transporti-m-bila-cerkva

Bazilenko, A., Talanchuk, I., Davydenko, G. and others (2022). Employment of people with disabilities: best practices: methodological guide / edited by A. Bazilenko. Kyiv: «Ukraine» University, 198 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36994/uu.04-2022-01

Kovalchuk, G. The state and prospects of the development of financial and legal responsibility. Available at: www.rusnauka.com/2_KAND_2012/Pravo/2_99204.doc.htm

In Ivano-Frankivsk, violators of parking rules paid UAH 3.5 million to the city budget. Available at: https://suspilne.media/286035-v-ivano-frankivsku-porusniki-pravil-parkuvanna-do-miskogo-budzetu-splatili-35-mln-grn/

Information on the state of consideration of cases of criminal proceedings under Article 161 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine «Violation of the equality of citizens depending on their racial, national, regional affiliation, religious beliefs, disability and other grounds». Available at: https://court.gov.ua/userfiles/media/new_folder_for_uploads/main_site/161_KKU_22.xlsx

The Law of Ukraine "On Responsibility for Offences in the Field of Urban Planning" dated October 14, 1994. № 208/94-VR. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/208/94-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text

The Law of Ukraine "On Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities in Ukraine" dated October 6, 2005. № 2961-IV. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2961-15#Text

The Law of Ukraine "On the Fundamentals of Social Protection of Persons with Disabilities in Ukraine" dated March 21, 1991. № 875-XII. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/875-12#Text

On the organization of the educational process of children with special educational needs in the 2022/2023 school year: letter from the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated September 6, 2022. № 1/10258-22. Available at: https://mon.gov.ua/ua/npa/pro-organizaciyu-osvitnogo-procesu-ditej-z-osoblivimi-osvitnimi-potrebami-u-20222023-navchalnomu-roci

Chernetska, L. (2021). Organizational and economic mechanism of reducing workforce losses: autoref. thesis ... candidate economy Sciences: 08.00.03 / State institution «Institute of Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine». Kyiv, 23 p.

Russians killed 441 children in Ukraine. Available at: https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubric-ato/3625365-rosiani-vbili-v-ukraini-441-ditinu.html

Shkola, S. (2012). Criminal responsibility: general characteristics and forms of implementation. Law and Society, vol. 6, pp. 149–153. Available at: http://www.pravoisuspilstvo.org.ua/archive/2012/6_2012/31.pdf

Sivkov, S. (2013). Administrative and legal status of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine: dissertation ... Candidate of Juridical Sciences: 12.00.07. Kyiv, 216 p.

Some issues of implementation of the Laws of Ukraine "On the Fundamentals of Social Protection of Persons with Disabilities in Ukraine" and "On Employment of the Population": Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of January 3, 2007 № 70. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/70-2007-%D0%BF#Text

Machabeli, T. Available at: https://www.facebook.com/100002098980760/posts/pfbid02Q51HBLXuRsdo88W3bq7SbePcxUyj5zFyEd2yE2sugKKuAjF3Dmb2YA1xpE8R69Sl/

The «taboo» topic about intimate life in psychiatric boarding schools. Available at: https://www.vinnitsa.info/news/tema-tabu-pro-intymne-zhyttya-v-psykhonevrolohichnykh-internatakh.html

Uzhhorod City Council. Available at: https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=pfbid02sAcVdEGiSjaYpHXJ1CVURDSagFmt2Dk6ZdJuVtk7Z7QUzsgbGcsChCk4p7XFBk5Cl&id=100064902481459

Sereda, V. (2014). Disciplinary responsibility: concepts, principles and types. University Scientific Notes, vol. 1, pp. 18–25. Available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Unzap_2014_1_5

Kolpakov, V. (2008). Administrative responsibility: academic manual. Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter, 256 p.

Mykytin, V. Theoretical aspects of civil liability and the grounds for its occurrence. Available at: https://www.sworld.com.ua/simpoz2/79.pdf

Sukharyna, A., Yavorskyi, V., Kolyshko, S., Pechonchyk, T., Hutsuliak, I., & Semyorkina, K. (2021). What Ukrainians know and think about human rights: national survey, third wave (2016–2018–2020): shortened version / under general ed. T. Pechonchyk. Kyiv, 84 p.