COMPETITIVENESS OF UKRAINIAN EXPORT-ORIENTED FIELDS

Volodymyr Toryanyk, Vladimir Dzhyndzhoian, Yevhen Namliyev

Abstract


The article presents the results of the study of the current state of competitiveness of the export-oriented industries of the Ukrainian economy. It shows that the level of engagement in international trade determines the international competitiveness of the national economy, its readiness and the ability to create developed competitive advantages. It is proved that in Ukraine today just a small number of branches of the economy are competitive in foreign markets as they offer raw materials or products with a low level of positive value to the countries abroad. Taking it into account, this research goal is to determine, which export-oriented industries deserve state support and which tools and methods should be used for this purpose. The methodological basis of the research was the general scientific methods of dialectics, observation, measurement and formalization; methods of the system, statistical and graphical analysis. In particular, to identify the export-oriented industries of the domestic economy, the methodology for calculating the index of identified competitive advantages was used. It is determined that the export-oriented branches of the domestic economy include: extractive industry, metallurgy, agriculture, food industry, and chemical industry. The calculations showed that among the 223 items, which were under the analysis, only for 47 of them these figures are greater than 1. This high indicator is mainly featured for commodity products. It is concluded that without reforming the structure of the domestic economy, there will be no significant changes in the national economy since the main items of export will continue to remain the raw materials and semi-finished products in terms of the unchanging nature of the specialization of the domestic business. It is substantiated that one of the directions of increasing the competitiveness of the domestic business is increasing both the production of the added value of high-tech industries (such as the chemical industry) and the export of intermediate and end products, in which it is embodied. It has been determined that changes in the sectoral structure are needed to increase non-raw added value created in the areas of the added value. Further research will be aimed at improving the mechanism of state support for export-oriented industries of Ukraine.

Keywords


international trade, competitiveness, export-oriented industries, production with high added value

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andryeyeva N., Zinkovska D. (2016). Implementing the EU norms and standards in the agricultural industry Ukraine in the increase its international competitiveness. Naukovyy visnyk Odeskoho natsionalnoho ekonomichnoho universytetu [Scientific Herald of the Odessa National Economic University]. 3(235), 5-22.

Byba V. (2017). Competitiveness of Ukrainian Agricultural Enterprises on the International markets. Ekonomika i rehion: naukovyy visnyk PoltNTU im. Yuriya Kondratyuka [Economics and region: scientific journal PoltNTU them. Yuri Kondratyuk]. 1(62), 95.

Balassa B. (1965). Trade Liberalization and ‘Revealed Comparative Advantage. The Manchester School. No. 33, 99-123.

Balassa B., Bauwens L. (1987) Intra-industry specialisation in a multi-country and multi-industry framework. Economic Journal. Vol. 97, 923-939.

Duginets G. (2017). Transformation of Ukrainian foreign trade flows in the context of Ukraine-EU association. Zhurnal ievropejskoi ekonomiky [ Journal of the European Economy], 16(3), 317-329.

Goryanska T. (2012). Competitive positions of the export-oriented sectors of the Ukrainian economy. Economy of industry, (1-2), 57-58. Retrieved from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/j-pdf/econpr_2012_1-2_19.pdf

Haldar A., Rao S.N., Momaya K.S. (2016). Can flexibility in corporate governance enhance international competitiveness? Evidence from Knowledge-Based Industries in India. Global Journal of Flexible Systems

Management, 17(4), 389-402.

Mazaraki A. (2016). Foreign Trade of Ukraine: XXI Century: Monograph. Kyiv: KNTEU. (in Ukrainian)

Juan H., Su L. (2014). The Comparative Research on International Competitiveness of Service Industry between Mainland China and Taiwan. Taiwan Research Journal, 2, 010.

State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ (in Ukrainian)

Yokhna М. (2017). Conceptual model of business entities evolution in competition environment. Visnyk Khmelnytskoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Ekonomichni nauky [Bulletin of the Khmelnytsky National University. Economic sciences]. 2(2), 7-11.

UNCTAD (2017). UNCTADstat. Retrieved from: http://unctadstat.unctad.org




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2018-4-3-319-324

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.