MODERN SYSTEMS FOR ASSESSING THE INFORMATIZATION OF COUNTRIES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

  Lesya Petkova

  Мichael Ryabokon

  Yuriy Vdovychenko

Abstract

Information and communication theories became a major driver of the economic development of countries in a global world. Information component plays a key role in the building of competitive potential of countries and the development of international relations. At the national level, the development of innovative technologies enables the countries to take higher ranking positions by the level of progress of information and communication technologies. The assessment is carried out using a number of indicators, calculated with the respective index system and applied for analysis of problem areas in politics, as well as for monitoring of progress in the field of innovative technologies introduction. Although, this methodology does not take into consideration the indicators over time. Therefore, this paper aims to study the dynamics of networked readiness index as a factor of informatization of global economic development. The authors suggested a methodology to determine the level of informatization of global economic development based on cluster analysis of countries according to the indicators, included in NRI, which makes it possible to eliminate this defect. Methodology. The methodology of the paper is based on statistical data, forming the analytical database of the research findings and being studied using cluster analysis. The paper reviews a new indicator, which enables considering the informatization of global economic development in a comprehensive manner: in dynamics by a group of countries. Results. As a result of the author’s study, it has been established that, according to the level of informatization of global economic development, the countries can be divided into three groups: the countries with sustainable level of informatization, the ones with moderate development and the countries, which are the most backward by the level of informatization. Moreover, the paper identifies the countries, which had no data for the period under review, or underwent a transition from one informatization level to another one. Practical implications. The presented results make it possible to consider informatization of the global economic development in a comprehensive manner: in dynamics by a group of countries. It enables identification of the countries with a sustainable level of informatization of global economic development. Value/originality. As a result of the study, it has been proved that it is more expedient to study the countries, which underwent a transition from one level of informatization to another one during the period under review. The prospects of further studies in the above-stated area are in the search for factors to enable the transition of countries to a higher level of informatization of global economic development.

How to Cite

Petkova, L., RyabokonМ., & Vdovychenko, Y. (2019). MODERN SYSTEMS FOR ASSESSING THE INFORMATIZATION OF COUNTRIES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 5(2), 158-170. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2019-5-2-158-170
Article views: 346 | PDF Downloads: 139

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

networked readiness index, NRI, ICT, cluster analysis

References

European Commission (2015). The Role of Science, Technology and Innovation Policies to Foster the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Report of the Expert Group “Follow-up to Rio+20, notably the SDGs”. Retrieved October 31, 2018, from European Commission: http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/horizon2020/document.cfm?doc_id=12065

International Telecommunication Union (2017). ICT facts and figures 2017. Retrieved from International Telecommunication Union: https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/facts/ICTFactsFigures2017.pdf

International Telecommunication Union (2017). The ICT Development Index (IDI): conceptual framework and methodology. Retrieved from International Telecommunication Union: https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/publications/mis2017/methodology.aspx

Letser, Y. O. (2018). Formuvannia kompleksnoi ekonomіko-orhanіzatsіinoi modelі pіdpryiemstv z rozrobky іnformatsіinykh tekhnolohіi. Master's thesis. Rіvne, Ukraine: NUVHP.

Milenkovic, M. J., Brajovic, B., Milenkovic, D., Vukmirovic, D. & Jeremic, V. (2016). Beyond the equal-weight framework of the Networked Readiness Index: a multilevel I-distance methodology. Information Development, 32(4), 1120–1136.

Tamilselvan, N., Sivakumar, N. & Sevukan, R. (2012). Information and communications technologies (ICT). International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), 1(1), 15–28.

Tugas, F. C. (2016, May). Clues from networked readiness index: business imperatives and challenges. DLSU Business notes and briefings, 4(4), 1–6.

United Nations (2018). E-Government Development Index (EGDI). Retrieved from UN E-Government Knowledgebase: https://publicadministration.un.org/egovkb/en-us/About/Overview/-E-Government

World Bank (2007). Knowledge Economy Index (KEI) 2007 Rankings. Retrieved from The World Bank: https://siteresources.worldbank.org/KFDLP/Resources/461197-1170257103854/KEI.pdf

World Economic Forum (2002). The Global Information Technology Report 2001–2002. Readiness for the Networked World. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from United Nations: http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/report.pdf

World Economic Forum (2003). The Global Information Technology Report 2002–2003. Readiness for the Networked World. Retrieved October 31, 2018, from Caribbean Elections: http://www.caribbeanelections.com/eDocs/development_reports/gitr_2002_2003.pdf

World Economic Forum (2004). The Global Information Technology Report 2003–2004. Towards an Equitable Information Society. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from The World Bank: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/825291468175149560/pdf/343090GITR2003.pdf

World Economic Forum (2005). The Networked Readiness Index Rankings 2005. Retrieved October 31, 2018, from The Internet Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20120213081759/

World Economic Forum (2006). The Global Information Technology Report 2005–2006. Leveraging ICT Advancements for Development. Retrieved October 31, 2018, from UNCTAD: https://unctad.org/sections/wcmu/docs/c3em29p005_en.pdf

World Economic Forum (2007). The Networked Readiness Index 2006–2007 rankings. The Global Information Technology Report 2006–2007. Retrieved October 31, 2018, from The Internet Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20070406180105/

World Economic Forum. (2008). The Networked Readiness Index 2007–2008 rankings. The Global Information Technology Report 2007–2008. Fostering Innovation through Networked Readiness. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from The Internet Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20080411023235/

World Economic Forum. (2009). The Global Information Technology Report 2008–2009. Mobility in a Networked World. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from The Internet Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20111027101928/

World Economic Forum. (2010). The Global Information Technology Report 2009–2010. ICT for Sustainability. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from The Internet Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20110409061000/

World Economic Forum. (2011). The Global Information Technology Report 2010–2011. Transformations 2.0. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from World Economic Forum: http://reports.weforum.org/wp-content/pdf/gitr-2011/wef-gitr-2010-2011.pdf

World Economic Forum. (2012). The Global Information Technology Report 2012. Living in a Hyperconnected World. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from World Economic Forum: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/Global_IT_Report_2012.pdf

World Economic Forum. (2013). The Global Information Technology Report 2013. Growth and Jobs in a Hyperconnected World. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from World Economic Forum: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GITR_Report_2013.pdf

World Economic Forum. (2014). The Global Information Technology Report 2014. Rewards and Risks of Big Data. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from World Economic Forum: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalInformationTechnology_Report_2014.pdf

World Economic Forum. (2015). The Global Information Technology Report 2015. ICTs for Inclusive Growth. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from World Economic Forum: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GITR2015.pdf

World Economic Forum. (2016). The Global Information Technology Report 2016. Innovating in the Digital Economy. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from World Economic Forum: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GITR2016/WEF_GITR_Full_Report.pdf

World Economic Forum. (2016). The Networked Readiness Index Historical Dataset 2012-2016. Retrieved August 13, 2018, from World Economic Forum: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GITR2016/WEF_NRI_2012-2016_Historical_Dataset.xlsx

World Wide Web Foundation. (2014). About the Web Index. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from The Web Index: http://thewebindex.org/about/#about_the_web_index