The purpose of the paper is to identify contradictions in the social and economic field in the process of achieving social justice and economic efficiency. Methodology. Methods of induction and deduction are used to determine the causal relationships; a systematic approach is applied to study research objects; abstract and logical methods of analysis, comparison and generalization allowed us to characterize the existing level of social injustice peculiar to the Ukrainian labour market. The results of the study are identified: manifestations of social injustice in Ukraine related to gender inequality in wages and different employment opportunities, income disparities in various sectors and regions, an increase in the gap between the income of rich and poor people, inconsistency between compensations for adverse working conditions and necessary expenses for labour rehabilitation, legal insecurity in informal, incomplete, and flexible forms of employment. Conclusions are made about their influence on the general situation on the labour market. Practical implications. To eliminate social inequality and injustice, ensure observance of labour rights and privileges, and create high social standards it is recommended to develop youth entrepreneurship programs; to provide free legal and informational support at the stage of opening own businesses and preferential lending and taxation in order to minimize youth unemployment; to develop a social unified agreement binding upon the execution of any work or provision of services to protect all participants in the social dialogue of the flexible and informal labour markets; to develop gender-sensitive personnel policies at all enterprises and organizations, to eliminate pay disparities, to develop state programs of promoting gender equality among legislators and senior officials to achieve gender equality; to attract the unemployed and economically inactive population for the growth of the labour potential of the country, which requires providing decent living conditions and remuneration to internally displaced persons, necessary working space for people with disabilities, creating a system of quality social care services for the elderly, sick and children with decent conditions and affordable services to people who receive social benefits in order to release the able-bodied population engaged in caring for relatives. Value/originality. The value of the research is the established facts of violations of human dignity and social injustice on the modern labour market and suggested recommendations for the elimination or minimization of them.

How to Cite

Novikova, O., Ostafiichuk, Y., & Khandii, O. (2019). SOCIAL JUSTICE AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF THE MODERN LABOUR MARKET. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 5(3), 145-151.
Article views: 288 | PDF Downloads: 21



social justice, economic efficiency, labour market, informal employment, income differentiation, gender inequality


Economic Discussion Club (2017). Indeks hendernoho rozryvu-2017 [The Gender Breakthrough Index-2017]. Retrieved from: (accessed 21 August 2018).

Ghrynenko, A. M. (2009). Socialjna spravedlyvistj jak kljuchovyj pryncyp u realizaciji socialjnoji polityky derzhavy [Social justice as a key principle in the implementation of social policy of the state]. Scientific works [Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University of complex “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”], 99(112), 104–107. Retrieved from: (accessed 3 September 2018).

Indeks sotsialnoi zghurtovanosti i prymyrennia OON dlia skhidnoi Ukrainy. Shkilnyi komponent Indeksu USE [UN Integration and Reconciliation Index for Eastern Ukraine. School component of the USE Index]. Retrieved from: (accessed 22 August 2018).

Jaremenko, O. (2016). Superechlyva jednistj ekonomichnoji efektyvnosti i socialjnoji spravedlyvosti jak chynnyk funkcionuvannja ta evoljuciji ekonomichnykh system [Controversial unity of economic efficiency and social justice as a factor in the functioning and evolution of economic systems]. Economic theory, 4, 19–32. Retrieved from: (accessed 18 January 2018).

Kheffe, O., Malakhova, V. S., Filatova, V. P. (2009). Sovremennaya zapadnaya filosofiya [Contemporary Western philosophy]. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar' [Encyclopedic Dictionary].

Maffettone, S. (2010). Rawls: An Introduction. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press. Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine, Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, Ministry of Finance of Ukraine (2017). Pro zatverdzhennia Metodyky kompleksnoi otsinky bidnosti [On Approval of the Integrated Poverty Assessment Methodology]. Retrieved from: (accessed 21 August 2018).

Monitoring of various forms of poverty in Ukraine (2016, June 22). Retrieved August 27, 2018 from:

Pozhivanov, M. (2018). Koeffitcient dzhini: kak Ukraina stala liderom po imushchestvennomu ravenstvu [Gini coefficient: How Ukraine became the leader in property equality]. Retrieved from: (accessed 22 August 2018).

Press release (2018, April 10). Prospects for economic growth depend on the urgent implementation of reforms. Retrieved from

«Protesty nachinaiutsia, kogda bednykh v strane 50%. U nas uzhe – 58%» [«Protests begin when the poor in the country are 50%. We already have 58%»]. Retrieved from: (accessed 20 August 2018).

Rawls, J. (1995). Theory of Justice. In V. V. Tselishcheva (Ed.). Novosibirsk: NGU. (in Russian)

Saraiva, C., Jamrisko, M. (2017). These economies are getting more miserable this year. Bloomberg. Retrieved from: (accessed 21 August 2018).

Ukraina – Ekonomichnyi ohliad 10 kvitnia 2018 roku (2018) [Ukraine – Economic Review April 10, 2018]. Retrieved from: (accessed 22 August 2018).

UNDP (2016). Human Development Report 2016. Human Development for All and Everyone. Retrieved from: (accessed 21 August 2018).