The purpose of this article is to deepen the analysis of theoretical and practical foundations of pension insurance for rural population, to substantiate its further reform and development. Theoretical aspects of pension insurance have been analyzed according to different scientific opinions of both the Ukrainian and foreign scientists, according to which pension insurance is considered a difficult category, and the diversity of its interpretation means that it has not been fully disclosed yet and remains the subject of research. Method. In most countries of the world, the same problems of the pension system as in our country have arisen. But thanks to pension reform, they have achieved successful results. Each country chose its own way of building a pension system based on its own demographic and socio-economic characteristics. However, despite this, the main task of any pension system is to protect against poverty and to provide a pension that can guarantee a decent standard of living for a pensioner. It is proved that to carry out effective pension protection policy in the country it is necessary to continue to study the essence of the concept of "pension insurance", as well as it is important and urgent to find ways to improve the reliability and effectiveness of mechanisms for ensuring the implementation of social guarantees in the pension insurance system. It is noted that insurance came about when humanity realized the danger that the environment hides. With regard to pension insurance, its formation took place in the context of the development of the entire insurance system. Results. The Ukrainian scholars in the field of pensions, exploring the nature and concept of pension insurance at the current stage of development, have determined that pension insurance is based on two important principles: the principle of solidarity and the principle of personal responsibility, also scientists focus on the principles put forward by the works on social protection of the population by the International Labour Organization, which are defined in the adopted Conventions of this organization. Value/originality. Analyzing the theoretical nature of pension insurance, one can determine that the essence of the social nature of pension insurance lies in the social protection of persons who have reached retirement age due to disability or loss of a breadwinner, pension insurance provides social security with minimal social security, approved by the International Labour Organization for the payment of pensions. Retirement insurance is also considered to be a complex category, and its diversity of treatment means that it is has not fully disclosed yet and remains a subject of study.
How to Cite
analysis, pension insurance, pension insurance systems, social protection, social insurance, social security
Aleskerova, Yu., Mulyk, T., & Fedoryshyna, L. (2018). Improving credit protection analysis methods Reports of main agricultural enterprises. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 4, no 2, pp. 1–7. doi: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2018-4-2-1-7
Aleskerova, Yu., & Fedoryshyna, L. (2018). Analysis of investment activities of enterprises of Ukraine. Economic system development trends: the experience of countries of Eastern Europe and prospects of Ukraine: monograph. Riga, Latvia: “Baltija Publishing”. doi: https://doi.org/10.30525/978-9934-571-28-2_1
Aleskerova, Yu., Fedoryshyna, L., & Koval, N. (2018). Features of loan security for the reproduction of fixed assets for agricultural purposes. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 4, no 4, pp. 1–5. doi: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2018-4-4-1-5
Aleskerova, Y., Kovalenko L., & Havryliuk, V. (2019). Innovative financial criteria for methodological approaches to the assessment of agrarian insurance. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 5, no 4, pp. 34–41. doi: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2019-5-4-34-41
Koval, N., Priamuhina, N., & Zhmurko, I. (2020). Analyz economic-financial experience of the world countries in the system of pension insurance. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 6, no 1, pp. 1–7. doi: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2020-6-1-1-8
Rogach, S., Vdovenko, L., & Polishchuk, O. (2019). Agriculture of Ukraine under the joint policy of the European Union. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 5, no 3, pp. 178–183. doi: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2019-5-3-178-183
Plakhtii, T., Fedoryshyna, L., & Tomchuk, O. (2019). Socio-economic component of preferential taxation of individuals' incomes. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 5, no 2, pp. 171–175. doi: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2019-5-2-171-175
Kritzer, B. E. (1996). Privatizing social security: the Chilean experience. Social Security Bulletin, no 3, pp. 45–55.
Kubicek (2005). Contribution rates to funded pension systems in the new member countries. Research in International Business and Finance, vol. 19(2), pp. 266–280.
Leon, J.H., Bettendorf Ben, & Heijdra, J. (2005). Population ageing and pension reform in a small open economy with non-traded goods. Journal of Economic Dynamics Control, no 6, pp. 265–290.
Nicoholas George (2002). Sweden’s savers are kept pasted on state of their funds. Financial Times. March 25, p. 7.
Oskar Cerrangolo (2003). Pension Reform in Latin America. Conference on «Privatisation of Public Pension Systems – Forces, Experience, Prospects». Vienna, June 19–21, pp. 256–275.
Palmer Edvard (1998). The Swedish Pension Reform Model – Framework and Issues. The national Social Insurance Board, May, 32 p.