DEVELOPMENT OF ESTONIAN TRADE PATTERNS

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  Grigori Fainstein

Abstract

This paper describes specialisation dynamics in Estonian export using revealed comparative advantage (RCA) and intra-industry trade (IIT) measures. We analyse the development of the distribution of comparative advantage using descriptive statistics and Galtonian regression. Intra-industry trade dynamic is analyzed using a marginal approach. We generally observe a stable specialization structure of Estonian exports in 2006-2011, along with some changes in specialization in the years following that. Based on the analysis of the RSA index and the Galtonian regression, we can make the conclusion about the diversification of the specialisation structure. The most important component of trade expansion in Estonia within the considered time period is the intra-industry trade. In 2016-2020 there was a significant increase in the specialization shift component in trade dynamic, which indicates the structural changes in Estonian exports. The most essential structural changes during the last five years occurred in such commodity sectors as food and live animals, animal and vegetable oils, as well as machinery and transport equipment, which were caused by the increasing share of specialization shift.

How to Cite

Fainstein, G. (2021). DEVELOPMENT OF ESTONIAN TRADE PATTERNS. Baltic Journal of Legal and Social Sciences, (1), 4-10. https://doi.org/10.30525/2592-8813-2021-1-1
Article views: 35 | PDF Downloads: 12

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Keywords

сomparative advantage, specialization, trade patterns, intra-industry trade, Balassa index of revealed comparative advantage, Grubel-Lloyd index

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