Submission Guidelines For Authors
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE
- The article should present the author’s own opinion on the stated topic.
- The article should contain ideas characterized by a high level of generalization and scientific novelty.
- The title of the article, abstract and key words are given in English and the language of manuscript. The last name and first name are transliterated according to the current transliteration requirements of the author’s country.
Publication languages: Latvian, English, Ukrainian.
The article file must contain:
1. Information about authors (the last name and first name, scientific degree, academic rank, position, affiliation, city/town, country);
2. Title of the article, abstract and key words in English and the language of manuscript;
3. Text of the article with the subtitles, filled out by borrowings and references to sources.
1. Papers: 20.000–40.000 characters with spaces (also including abstracts, references, bibliography, tables, diagrams, and footnotes).
2. The margins – 2 cm; the paragraph – 1.25 cm; the indent before and after paragraph – 0; line spacing – 1.5.
3. The font – Times New Roman; skittles – 14.
4. Arrangement of the article text:
- The title of the article (center alignment, capital bold letters).
- The first name and last name of the author (center alignment, normal letters, bold, italic).
- Affiliation, city/town, country, ORCID (center alignment, normal letters, italic).
- Abstract – 1 paragraph from 100 to 150 volume, normal font.
- Key words – 6–8 words of phrases by the article’s topic, normal font.
- The main text of the article, normal font. The subtitles are highlighted in bold.
- References – normal font.
5. You should clearly differentiate the dash (–) and the hyphen (-).
6. It is forbidden to expand or to condense the intervals between letters.
7. It is forbidden to make the paragraphs by tabulations or by multiple spaces.
8. The only one space is used between words (it is forbidden to expand the words by several spaces).
9. The quotation marks of the format « » can be used only.
10. The non-breaking space (Ctrl + Shift + Space) is used between the initial letters and the last name.
11. In addition to the text, the full JPEG and JPG images elements are allowed only.
12. The graphic elements, made in graphic editors with high-quality details, are allowed to use.
13. It is forbidden to use scanned drawings/drafts made with a pencil or pen by hand.
14. The excessive use of tables is forbidden, a small volume of tables are allowed only.
15. The file format for sending to the editors can be .DOC or .DOCX only.
SТRUCTURE OF THE SCIENTIFIC SRTICLE
The title of the article should briefly inform its content and contain no more than 13 words.
Abstract (100–150 words) should be clear and informative (with no secondary phrases, general information), meaningful (to present the main content of the article). It should contain an introductory sentence, a brief description of the methods of conducting research (1-2 sentences). There should be a description of the main results and concise conclusions or prospects for further research. The abstract must be clear and without familiarizing with the main content of the article.
Key words: 6–8 words /phrases reflecting the specifics of the topic without duplicating words from the article’s title.
The text of the article should contain the introduction, the main part and the conclusions.
«Introduction» should contain a description of research of the problems in the world scientific literature and the purpose of work.
The main text. The research tasks should be formulated. The purpose and tasks should be interconnected and reveal of the article’s topic. The materials and methods of research, research results and their discussion should be presented.
Materials and methods of research are formed in the way so the research can be reproduced according to the description provided. The common methods require no explanations.
The results and discussion: the main research material outlined with full justification of the scientific results obtained. The results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures. It is not necessary to duplicate and repeat the data of tables and figures in the text. Their comparison can be mentioned only. When summarizing quantitative data, it is necessary to indicate not only relative (for example, percent), but also absolute values, and the specific statistical methods applied for their analysis should be mentioned.
The discussion. This part contains the interpretation of results only, without their iteration. It is necessary to select new and important aspects of the conducted research, to analyze the possible mechanisms or interpretation of these data and to compare them with the data of other researchers, if it is possible. The discussion could include well-grounded recommendations for practice and possible perspectives for applying the results in the future studies.
«Conclusion». The results of solving the problem indicated in the title and purpose of the article are presented here.
«References». All sources from the references should be quoted in the text of the article; otherwise, the corresponding element should be deleted. The references to sources used should be mentioned in parentheses, where the author’s name, the year of publication, the page to which you refer in the text should be mentioned. For example: Jones S. stated, “Students often had difficulty using APA style” (Jones, 1998, p. 199). The references should be listed. If the article sourced has the digital object identifier, DOI (http://doi.org/index.html), it should be necessarily mentioned.
References should be completed under International Standard Bibliographic Description, APA (http://www.apastyle.org/). The title of sources in Ukrainian and Russian should be translated in English, their transliterated titles should be mentioned in parentheses*. For example: Bernatska, Zh. (2020). Administratyvno-hospodarske pravo yak pravova osnova formuvannia ta realizatsii ekonomichnoi funktsii ukrainskoi derzhavy [Administrative and commercial law as a legal basis for the formation and implementation of the economic function of the ukrainian state]. Administratyvne pravo i protses, 3(30), 5–16. doi: 10.17721/2227-796X.2020.3.01 [in Ukrainian].