The semantic field of the concept of "internally displaced persons" and its connection with the concepts of "migrants", "refugees", "forced migrants" are analyzed. It is determined that one of the main signs of "forced migration" is the emergence of various dangers and threats, feelings of uncertainty of their own future as a result of psychological trauma, often due to citizens of annexed Crimea and occupied Donetsk and Luhansk regions witnessed destruction and various types of violence. The term of personality loneliness is characterized and conceptualized. It was found that the subjective experience of loneliness of internally displaced persons is influenced by the peculiarities of the social support system, the trauma of events, the style of belonging, the stigmatization of the status of IDPs. It was found that together with the negative factors that cause loneliness in general, the situation of forced relocation triggers a crisis of personal, public (local), and social identities.

How to Cite

Nesterenko, I. (2022). LONELINESS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS OF UKRAINE: THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM. Baltic Journal of Legal and Social Sciences, (1), 151-160. https://doi.org/10.30525/2592-8813-2022-1-18
Article views: 18 | PDF Downloads: 9



loneliness, internally displaced persons, migration from perforce, refugees, identity, social isolation, stigmatization

1. Blynova, O. (2017). Sotsialno-psykholohichni chynnyky podolannia kryzy identychnosti vymushenykh mihrantiv [Socio-Psychological Factors of Overcoming the Identity Crisis of Forced Migrants]. Osobystistʹ yak subʹyekt podolannya kryzovykh sytuatsiy : psykholohichna teoriya i praktyka [Personality as a subject for crisis management: psychological theory and practice], Sumy: SumDPU imeni A. S. Makarenka, (pp. 162-179) [in Ukrainian].
2. Vasiutynskyi, V. (2017). Indyvidualni i kolektyvni stratehii adaptatsii miskyh hromad do zhyttia v period voiennoho konfliktu [Individual and collective strategies for adaptiation of urban communities dwellers to life in times of an armed conflict]. Problems of Political Psychology, 5 (19), 43–53. [in Ukrainian].
3. Hubeladze I. (2015) Silska molod u misti: poshuk identychnosti [Rural youth in the city: the search for identity]. Kyiv: Milenium. [in Ukrainian].
4. Zhvaniia T. (2015). Suchasna vymushena mihratsiia: sotsialno-politychni aspekty [Modern forced migration: socio-political aspects]. Suchasne suspilstvo: politychni nauky, sotsiolohichni nauky, kulturolohichni nauky – Modern society: political science, sociological sciences, cultural sciences, 46-56 [in Ukrainian].
5. Zakon Ukrainy «Pro bizhentsiv ta osib, yaki potrebuiut dodatkovoho abo tymchasovoho zakhystu» 2016 [Law of Ukraine "On Refugees and Persons in Need of Additional or Temporary Protection" 2016]. Ofitsiinyi sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy [The official website of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine] https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3671-17#Text [in Ukrainian].
6. Zakonu Ukrainy «Pro zabezpechennia prav i svobod vnutrishno peremishchenykh osib» 2022. [Law of Ukraine "On Ensuring the Rights and Freedoms of Internally Displaced Persons" 2022.]. Ofitsiinyi sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy [The official website of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine]. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1706-18#Text [in Ukrainian].
7. Kapinus O. (2017). Derzhavne rehuliuvannia vymushenoi mihratsii: poniatiino-katehorialnyi aparat [State regulation of forced migration: conceptual and categorical apparatus]. Public Administration and Local Government, issue, №3(34), (pp. 17–25) [in Ukrainian].
8. Korobka, L., Vasiutynskyi, V., Vinkov, V., Hubeladze, I., Husiev, I., & Mialenko V. (2019). Spilnota v protsesi tsinnisnoho porozuminnia v umovakh voiennoho konfliktu [Community in the process of value understanding in conditions of military conflict]. Spilnota v umovakh voiennoho konfliktu: psykholohichni stratehii adaptatsiі [Community in the context of military conflict: psychological strategies of adaptation]. Kropyvnytskyi : Imeks-LTD, 222–295. [in Ukrainian].
9. Lazarenko V. (2019) Kartohrafuiuchy pereselennia: potentsial vykorystannia psykhoheohrafichnykh metodiv dlia vyvchennia sotsialno-psykholohichnoho zmistu vymushenoho pereselennia [Mapping displacement: the potential of using psychogeographical methods to explore the sociopsychological meaning of displacement]. Problemy politychnoi psykholohii. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats – Problems of political psychology. Collection of scientific works, 8(22), 49–62 [in Ukrainian].
10. Leonova I. (2015). Teoretychnyi analiz problemy sotsialno-psykholohichnoi adaptatsii vymushenykh pereselentsiv v Ukraini [Theoretical analysis of the problem of social and psychological adaptation of internally displaced persons in Ukraine.]. Aktualni problemy sotsiolohii, psykholohii, pedahohiky – Current issues of sociology, psychology, pedagogy, 4(29), 94-100 [in Ukrainian].
11. Mikheieva O., Sereda V. (2015). Suchasni ukrainski vnutrishno peremishcheni osoby: osnovni prychyny, stratehii pereselennia ta problemy adaptatsii [Modern Ukrainian internally displaced persons: main causes, resettlement strategies and adaptation problems]. In Stratehii transformatsii i preventsii prykordonnykh konfliktiv v Ukraini – Lviv: Halytska vydavnycha spilka, 9–49 [in Ukrainian].
12. Pleskach B., Urkaiev V. (2018). Subiektyvnyi obraz spetsialista ta yoho znachennia dlia rozvytku psykhoterapevtychnykh stosunkiv z vnutrishno peremishchenymy osobamy. [Subjective image of a specialist and its significance for the development of psychotherapeutic relationships with internally displaced persons]. In Aktualni problemy psykholohii. Konsultatyvna psykholohiia i psykhoterapiia – Current issues of psychology. Counseling psychology and psychotherapy, 3(14), 153–190. [in Ukrainian].
13. Pushkar V., Malysheva O. (2015). Sotsialni identychnosti ta yikh zviazok iz prykordonnymy konfliktamy [Social identities and their connection with border conflicts]. In Stratehii transformatsii i preventsii prykordonnykh konfliktiv v Ukraini Halytska vydavnycha spilka – Strategies for Transformation and Prevention of Border Conflicts in Ukraine, Lviv: Galician Publishing Union, 50–135 [in Ukrainian].
14. Taranenko O. (2017). Pereselentsi, bizhentsi, vyhnantsi? Semantychno-tsinnisna nevyznachenist statusu VPO v ukrainskii masovii svidomosti [Immigrants, refugees, exiles? Semantic and value uncertainty of IDP status in the Ukrainian mass consciousness]. ISSN 2308–3255 Dialoh: Mediaindustrii – Dialogue: Media industry, 23, 93-119 [in Ukrainian].
15. Trubavina, I. (2015). Problemy vnutrishno peremishchenykh osib v Ukraini yak osnova sotsialnopedahohichnoi roboty z nymy [Problems of internally displaced persons in Ukraine as a basis of social and pedagogical work with them]. Pedahohichni nauky: teoriia, istoriia, innovatsiini tekhnolohii. Sumy – Pedagogical sciences: theory, history, innovative technologies. Sumy, 8(52), 434–446 [in Ukrainian].
16. Berlin, L., Cassidy, J. & Belsky, J. (1995) Loneliness in Young Children and Infant Mother Attachment: A Longitudinal Study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 41(1), 91–103. [in English].
17. Braithwaite, A., Salehyan, I. & Savun, B. (2019) Refugees, Forced Migration, and Conflict: Introduction to the Special Issue, Journal of Peace Research, 56(1), doi: 10.1177/0022343318814128.[in English].
18. Cacioppo S., Grippo A., London S., and Cacioppo J. (2015) Loneliness: Clinical Import and Interventions. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(2), https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691615570616. [in English].
19. Cacioppo J., Cacioppo S. (2018) Loneliness in the Modern Age: An Evolutionary Theory of Loneliness (ETL) Advances in Experimental Social Psychology Volume 58, 2018, 127–197, doi:10.1016/bs.aesp.2018.03.003. [in English].
20. Cacioppo, J.T., & Patrick, W. (2008). Loneliness: Human Nature and the need for social connection. New York, NY: W.T. Horton & Company. [in English].
21. Charron A. (2020). Somehow, We Cannot Accept It’: Drivers of Internal Displacement from Crimea and the Forced/Voluntary Migration Binary, ublished online: 03 Feb 2020, doi: 10.1080/09668136.2019.1685649. [in English].
22. Fiske, S. (2013). Social beings: Core motives in social psychology (3rd ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. [in English].
23. Gwendolyn S. (2020) War and Displacement: The Case of Ukraine, Europe-Asia Studies, 72:3, 347-353, DOI:10.1080/09668136.2020.1728087. [in English].
24. Hawkley, L., & Cacioppo, J. (2010). Loneliness Matters: A Theoretical and Empirical Review of Consequences and Mechanisms. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 40, 218-227. doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9210-8 [in English].
25. Lieberman, M. (2013). Social: Why our brains are wired to connect. New York, NY: Broadway Books. [in English].
26. Peterson, C. (2018). How social identity influences social and emotional loneliness. Walden University, Retrieved 13 June 2020 from https://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/ dissertations/5772/.[in English].
27. Rokach, A. (1988). Theoretical Approaches to Loneliness: From a Univariate to a Multidimensional Experience. Review of Existential Psychology and Psychiatry, 19, 225-254. [in English].
28. Rokach, A. (2018). Effective Coping with Loneliness: A Review.Open Journal of Depression, 7, 61-72. doi: 10.4236/ojd.2018.74005. [in English].
29. UNHCR (2018) Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2017 (Geneva, UNHCR), available at: http://www.unhcr.org/global trends2017, accessed 20 January 2020. https://bit.ly/3qx2O8r[in English].
30. Vanhalst, J., Luyckx, K., Raes, F., & Goossens, L. (2012). Loneliness and depressive symptoms: The mediating and moderating role of uncontrollable ruminative thoughts. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary And Applied, 146(1-2), 259-276. doi:10.1080/00223980.2011.555 433. [in English].
31. Wiseman, V., Kim, M., Mutabingwa, T. K., & Whitty, C. J. (2006). Cost-effectiveness study of three antimalarial drug combinations in Tanzania. PLoS medicine, 3(10), 1844–1850. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030373. [in English].