Irina Popova


The aim of the given article is to survey the main concepts pertaining to such broad phenomena as identity and nation. The article scrutinises critical theories and approaches that tackle the concepts of nation and identity, focusing on the ones that highlight the interplay of the above mentioned notions. Thus, it outlines the main dimensions of human identity as well as it explicates the two senses in which the term national identity is used. It provides a brief analysis of the most influential and contesting views on the concept of nation, namely nation as a cultural community versus nation as a political one. The article concludes with the examination of the changing patterns of identity and nation in the context and framework of globalisation and transnationalism.

How to Cite

Popova, I. (2022). IDENTITY AND NATION IN THE ERA OF GLOBALISATION. Baltic Journal of Legal and Social Sciences, (1), 221-230.
Article views: 4 | PDF Downloads: 7



identity, nation, national identity, globalisation, hybridity, transnationalism

1. Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso, 1983
2. Appadurai, A. Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy, in Braziel, J.E., Mannur A, (eds). Theorizing Diaspora: A Reader. Theorizing Diaspora: A Reader. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2003
3. Appiah, K. A. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. New York: W. W. Norton, 2006.
4. Bhabha, H. The Location of Culture. New York: Routledge, 1994
5. Druckman, D. Nationalism, Patriotism, and Group Loyalty: A Social Psychological Perspective. Mershon International Studies Review, Vol. 38, No. 1 (Apr., 1994), pp. 43-68, Blackwell Publishing
6. Geertz, C. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. London: Fontana, 2nd edition, 1993
7. Gellner, E. Nations and Nationalsim. Oxford. Blackwell, 1983
8. Heywood, Andrew. Politics. 3rd edition. Palgrave Macmillan, 2007
9. Hobsbawn, E.J. and T. Ranger (eds). The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambrdige University Press, 1983
10. Hobsbawn, E.J. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990
11. Hogg, M.A., Vaughan, G. M. Social Psychology. London: Prentice Hall, 2002
12. Isaacs, H. Idols of the Tribe. New York : Harper & Row, 1975
13. Jay, P. Global Matters: The Transnational Turn in Literary Studies. Cornell University Press. Kindle Edition, 2013
14. Ozkrimli, U. Theories of Nationalism: A Critical Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan, 2000
15. Parekh, B. A New Politics of Identity: Political Principles for an Interdependent World. Palgrave Macmillan. 2008
16. Renan, E. “What is a Nation?”, text of a conference delivered at the Sorbonne on March 11th, 1882, in Ernest Renan, Qu’est-ce qu’une nation?, Paris, Presses-Pocket, 1992. (translated by Ethan Rundell) [] Accessed 05.05.2022.
17. Robertson, Roland. Globalization. London: Sage, 1992.
18. Van den Berghe, P. Race and Ethnicity: A Sociobiological Perspective. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 1 (4), 1978