Published: Apr 5, 2023

  Vladyslava Goncharenko


The article is devoted to the analysis of DCFR and CISG, assessment of them as legal principles and social values, and thus establishing their importance for adapting the understanding of the essence of contract law of Ukraine to the European concept of private law. The article analyzes as topics of special interest the problems of contract formation, a doctrine on culpa in contrahendo, and standard terms or interchangeably general conditions. In this article, the author provides specific suggestions for improving the provisions of the Art. 650-1 UKR-CC concerning the liability for pre-contractual negotiations contrary to fair dealing. The application practice of UKR-CC is currently assessed positively, but the legal mechanisms of its action are subject to revision considering the experience of law enforcement and the interpretation of civil law by courts. Modern realities (economic, social, technical, informational) require legal certainty, because UKR-CC, like any codified act, possesses gaps and shortcomings in the presentation of legal material.

How to Cite

Goncharenko, V. (2023). A PRIMER ON UKRAINIAN CONTRACT LAW VIEWED THROUGH THE PRISM OF CISG AND DCFR. Baltic Journal of Legal and Social Sciences, (1), 22-34. https://doi.org/10.30525/2592-8813-2023-1-3
Article views: 26 | PDF Downloads: 31



CISG, DCFR, contract, offer, acceptance, culpa in contrahendo, standard terms, interchangeably general conditions

1. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2004). Pro Zahalʹnoderzhavnu prohramu adaptaziji zakonodavstva Ukrayiny do zakonodavstva Yevropeysʹkoho Soyuzu [On the National Program for the Adaptation of the Legislation of Ukraine to the Legislation of the European Union: Law of Ukraine from 18.04.2004 № 1629-IV]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1629-15#Text [in Ukrainian].
2. Toshkov D. (2010). Taking Stock: A Review of Quantitative Studies of Transposition and Implementation of EU Law. Institute for European Integration Research Working Papers. 2/2010. [in English].
3. Mastenbroek E. (2005) EU Compliance: Still a ‘Black Hole’? Journal of European Public Policy, 12. pp. 1103–20. [in English].
4. Schimmelfennig F., Sedelmeier U., eds. (2005). Europeanization of Central and Eastern Europe. Cornell University Press. [in English].
5. Hharytonov E.O., Sucha Y.S., Heiko M.O. (2014). Principles of DCFR as methodological basis for improvement of national civil legislation. Journal of civil studies: a scientific and practical journal. Odesa, vol. 17, pp 16–22. [in English].
6. The Civil Code of the Ukrainian SSR of 1963. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1540-06#Text
7. Haritonov Y. (1997). Reczepzija Ryms’kogo pryvatnogo prava (teoretychni na istorychno-pravovi aspekty). [Reception of Roman private law (theoretical and historical-legal aspects)]. Odesa. p. 269. [in Ukrainian].
8. Vasilchenko V. (1996). Spadkove parvo starodavn’ogo Rymu ta suchasnist’. [Hereditary law of ancient Rome and modernity]. Legal Bulletin, no. 3, pp. 85. [in Ukrainian].
9. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2003). Simejnyj kodeks Ukrainy. [Family Code of Ukraine]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2947-14#Text
10. Haritonov Y. (2002). Zivil’ni kodeksy “passionarnogo” typu: evropejs’ki prototypy. [Civil codes of “passionate” type: European prototypes]. Visnik Khmelnickogo institutu regionalnogo upravlinnja ta prava, no. 2, pp. 16-20. [in Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Unzap_2002_2_6
11. Haritonov Y. (2001). Istorija evropejs’kogo pryvatnogo prava: Zahidna tradyzija. [History of European private law: Western tradition]. Odesa. [in Ukrainian].
12. Goodwin F. (1886). The XII Tables. London: Stevens & Sons. [in English].
13. Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (1896). Retrieved from: https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_bgb/
14. French Civil Code (1804). Retrieved from: https://www.napoleon-series.org/research/government/c_code.html
15. Allgemeines Bugerliches Gesetzbuch (1812). Retrieved from: https://www.jusline.at/gesetz/abgb
16. The Swiss Civil Code (1907). Retrieved from: https://www.fedlex.admin.ch/eli/cc/24/233_245_233/en
17. Dutch Civil Code (1992). Retrieved from: http://www.dutchcivillaw.com/civilcodegeneral.htm
18. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2003). Zivil’nyj kodeks Ukrainy. [Civil Code of Ukraine: Code of Ukraine]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15#Text
19. Boyko I. (2016). Avstrijskij zivil’nyj kodeks 1797 ta jogo aprobazija u Schidnij Galychyni. [Austrian Civil Code of 1797 and its approbation in Eastern Galicia]. Journal of Civil law. 20, pp. 231–236. [in Ukrainian].
20. Haritonov Y., Haritonova O. (2007). Dejaki aspekty klasyfikaziji evropejs’kych system pryvatnogo prava. [Some issues of classification of European systems of private law: Open lecture.] K., Series of scientific and methodical publications “Academy of Comparative Law”. Issue 7, 28 p. [in Ukrainian].
21. Draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR), Outline Edition (2009). Edited by Ch. von Bar, Clive E., Schulte-Nölke H. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/policies/civil/docs/dcfr_outline_edition_en.pdf
22. United nations convention on contracts for the international sale of goods (1980). Retrieved from: https://uncitral.un.org/sites/uncitral.un.org/files/media-documents/uncitral/en/19-09951_e_ebook.pdf
23. Bar C.V., Clive E.M. (2009). Principles, definitions and model rules of European private law: draft common frame of reference (DCFR). München, Sellier. European Law Publishers. [in English].
24. Kessler F., Fine E. (1964). Culpa in Contrahendo, Bargaining in Good Faith, and Freedom of Contract: A Comparative Study. 77 HARV. L. REV. pp. 401. [in English].
25. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2015). Pro publichni zakupivli. [On Public Procurement: Law of Ukraine 25.12.2015 № 922-VIII]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/922-19#n1814
26. The decision of the Supreme Court of Ukraine 02.06.2021 in case № 910/6139/20. Retrieved from: http://iplex.com.ua/doc.php?regnum=97559549&red=1000032d91fed7270b82111816383fc486a9ca&d=5
27. The decision of the Supreme Court of Ukraine 02.09.2015 in case № 6-226цс14. Retrieved from: http://www.scourt.gov.ua/clients/vsu/vsu.nsf/7864c99c46598282c2257b4c0037c014/3543f-89785c7a334c225 7ebc001e5b56/$FILE/6-226цс14.doc
28. Lando O., Beale H. (2000). Principles of European Contract Law, Parts I and II, prepared by the Commission on European Contract Law. p. XXVII. [in English]. Retrieved from: https://www.trans-lex.org/400200/_/pecl/#head_25
29. Cabinet of Ministers (2004). Pro zatverdjennja standartnoji formy dogovoru orendy zemli. [On the approval of the Standard land lease: Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers. 03.030.2004. № 220]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/220-2004-%D0%BF#Text
30. National Commission on Energy (2015). Pro zatverdjennja typovogo dogovoru postavky pryrodn’ogo gazu. [On the approval of the Standard contract for the supply of natural gas: Resolution of the National Commission on Energy. 30.09.2015. № 2500]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z1386-15#Text