PROBLEMS OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC SECURITY OF FORESTRY ENTERPRISES IN THE POST-WAR PERIOD IN UKRAINE

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published: Mar 31, 2023

  Svitlana Kovalchuk

Abstract

Climatic problems, the state of the natural environment, military actions are the main problems of today, which directly affect the ecological and economic safety and, as a result, the sustainable development of forestry enterprises. Theoretical, methodical and practical principles of ensuring ecological and economic safety of forest enterprises are the subject of the research. The aggravation of the ecological situation in Ukraine requires the development of modern mechanisms of regulation of ecological and economic safety in accordance with the principles of ecologically safe economic development. Methodology. The theoretical and methodological basis of the research are the basic theoretical regulations of domestic and foreign economic science on the issues of economic and ecological safety of forest enterprises, laws of Ukraine, EU directives. The research was conducted on the basis of general scientific methods and techniques: logical and qualitative analysis and synthesis – when substantiating theoretical approaches to ensuring ecological and economic safety; system structural analysis – when analyzing the current state of sustainability of forestry enterprises; comparative analysis – when comparing the state of ecosystems during military operations. When analyzing the sustainability of forest enterprises, the methods of integrating the approaches of the economic and ecological apparatus, the general theory of development, and the methods of economic and ecological analysis were used. In the process of synthesizing the multi-link economic-ecological system, the methods of the theory of multi-link management systems were used. The purpose of the study is to substantiate the peculiarities of the mechanism of ensuring ecological and economic security of the functioning of forestry enterprises in the post-war period in the context of the European policy of the green course on the following thematic platforms – the need to ensure ecological and economic security, economic integration and rapprochement, adaptation to climate change. The realization of the goal determined the solution of the scientific research tasks: to substantiate the need for ecological and economic security, to analyze the trends of the implementation of the new EU forest strategy in the direction of the reform of the country's forest sector, to prove the feasibility of the algorithm of the mechanism for ensuring the ecological and economic security of forestry enterprises. Results. According to the results of the research it is proved that today the general model of multipurpose use of forest resources should cover the problem of the ratio of the available and desired state of resources. This ratio should determine the nature and scale of the problem, which is manifested in ensuring ecological and economic security in accordance with ecologically oriented principles. The components of the specified ratio will have different scales of complexity, some of which are complex tasks. Environmental and economic security of a forest enterprise is a state of protection from negative environmental influences, as it is achieved with sufficient potential for its stability, self-identity, integrity, flexibility and adaptability. Conclusions. Ecological and economic safety has become an integral part of sustainable development of the economy, the need to ensure ecological and economic safety is a key element of economic activity of enterprises. Taking into account today's realities, the mechanisms of functioning of ecological and economic security are determined, which are aimed at maintaining the balance between its structural elements and the implementation of both anthropogenic and natural loads on them. In this way it is possible to ensure stable development, achieve the set goals, achieve the desired results without harming the environment, preserve the natural resources and the assimilation potential of the forest ecosystem. Therefore, the focus on the new forest strategy of the EU is a step towards an effective and sustainable economy, intensifying efforts to adapt to climate change and mitigate the consequences of military actions, as well as solving environmental problems in the forest sector.

How to Cite

Kovalchuk, S. (2023). PROBLEMS OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC SECURITY OF FORESTRY ENTERPRISES IN THE POST-WAR PERIOD IN UKRAINE. Green, Blue and Digital Economy Journal, 4(1), 37-53. https://doi.org/10.30525/2661-5169/2023-1-5
Article views: 212 | PDF Downloads: 144

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

ecological and economic security, forestry enterprises, sustainable development, climate change, post-war recovery

References

Zaichenko, K.S., & Dima, N.I. (2021). Ekonomichna bezpeka pidpryiemstva: sutnist ta rol [Economic security of the enterprise: essence and role]. Efektyvna ekonomika – Efficient economy, vol. 5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32702/2307-2105-2021.5.90 (accessed January 09, 2023)

Stratehiia ekolohichnoi bezpeky ta adaptatsii do zminy klimatu na period do 2030 roku [Strategy of environmental security and adaptation to climate change for the period up to 2030]. Of the order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated October 20, 2021. № 1363-р. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1363-2021-%D1%80#Text (accessed January 09, 2023)

Cherchyk, A. (2017). Essence and mechanism components of forest enterprises ecological and economic security provision. Naukovyi visnyk Polissia – Chernihiv Polissya scientific bulletin, vol. (11), Part 2, pp. 108–112.

Prosti pytannia skladnoi ekolohichnoi bezpeky pidpryiemstva [Simple issues of complex environmental safety of the enterprise]. Available at: https://ecolog-ua.com/news/prosti-pytannya-skladnoyi-ekologichnoyi-bezpeky-pidpryyemstva (accessed January 19, 2023)

Cherchyk, A.O. (2018). Strategies for ensuring ecological and economic security of forestry. Economic Forum, vol. 2, pp. 202–207.

Stratehiia natsionalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy Bezpeka Liudyny – Bezpeka KrainY [National Security Strategy of Ukraine Human Security – Country Security]. Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy vid 14.09. 2020 r. № 392/2020 Available at: https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/3922020-35037 (accessed January 05, 2023)

Pro okhoronu navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha [On environmental protection]. Zakon Ukrainy (Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy (VVR), 1991, № 41, st. 546) №1264-XII, Redaktsiia vid 10.07.2022 Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1264-12#Text (accessed January 05, 2023)

Stratehiia staloho rozvytku Ukrainy do 2030 roku. [Strategy of sustainable development of Ukraine until 2030]. Available at: http://www.ua.undp.org/content/dam/ukraine/docs/SDGreports/UNDP_Strategy_v06-optimized.pdf (accessed January 08, 2023)

Pro rishennia Rady natsionalnoi bezpeky i oborony Ukrainy vid 11 serpnia 2021 roku "Pro Stratehiiu ekonomichnoi bezpeky Ukrainy na period do 2025 roku" [About the Strategy of Economic Security of Ukraine for the period until 2025]. № 347/2021, vid 11.08.2021 r. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/347/2021#Text (accessed January 11, 2023)

Uriad dav start reformi lisovoi haluzi [The government launched the reform of the forest industry]. Available at: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/news/uriad-dav-start-reformi-lisovoi-haluzi (accessed January 11, 2023)

Deiaki pytannia reformuvannia upravlinnia lisovoi haluzi [Some issues of forest management reform]. Postanova Kabinet Ministriv Ukrainy vid 07 veresnia 2022 r. № 1003, Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1003-2022-%D0%BF#Text (accessed January 15, 2023)

Reforma lisovoi haluzi potribna dlia zabezpechennia potreb armii – ekspert [The reform of the forest sector is necessary to meet the needs of the army – an expert]. Available at: https://www.unian.ua/economics/finance/grivnya-v-bankivskih-obminnikah-znachno-prosila-skilki-teper-koshtuye-valyuta-kurs-valyut-na-11-lipnya-novini-ukrajina-11898423.html (accessed January 14, 2023)

Lisova haluz v umovakh viiny. Choho chekaty i choho boiatysia? [Forest industry in war conditions. What to expect and what to fear?]. Environmental reforms of Ukraine on the way to the EU. Available at: https://eco.rayon.in.ua/topics/517755-lisova-galuz-v-umovakh-viyni-chogo-chekati-i-chogo-boyatisya (accessed January 11, 2023)

Kovalchuk, S., & Kravchuk, A. (2019) The impact of global challenges on “green” transformations of the agrarian sector of the eastern partnership countries. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 5, no 1, pp. 87–97. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2019-5-1-87-95 (accessed January 11, 2023)

Honcharuk, I., & Kovalchuk, S. (2020) Agricultural Production Greening Management in the Eastern Partnership countries with the EU. The theoretical and practical aspects of the development of the European Research Area: monograph. Riga, Latvia: Publishing House «Baltija Publishing», pp. 42-68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30525/978-9934-588-53-2-3 (accessed January 09, 2023)

Ekolohichni reformy Ukrainy na shliakhu do YeS [Environmental reforms of Ukraine on the way to the EU]. Ekonomichna pravda – Economic truth. Available at: https://www.epravda.com.ua/columns/2022/08/10/690226 (accessed January 09, 2023)

Derzhavna stratehiia upravlinnia lisamy Ukrainy do 2035 roku [State strategy of forest management of Ukraine until 2035]. Rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 29 hrudnia 2021 r. № 1777-r Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1777-2021-%D1%80#Text (accessed January 09, 2023)

Lisova stratehiia YeS do 2030 roku [Forest strategy of the EU until 2030]. Available at: https://ligno.com.ua/uk/news/67_eu-forest-strategy-for-2030.html (accessed January 09, 2023)

Ievropeiski partnery vyslovyly hotovnist pidtrymaty Ukrainu u povoiennomu vidnovlenni lisiv [European partners expressed their readiness to support Ukraine in post-war forest restoration]. Available at: https://mepr.gov.ua/news/39673.html (accessed January 09, 2023)

Vidteper samosiini lisy ta luky zakhyshcheni vid znyshchennia: Parlament ukhvalyv u druhomu chytanni zakonoproiekt № 5650.[From now on, self-seeded forests and meadows are protected from destruction: the Parliament adopted draft law № 5650 in the second reading]. Available at: https://tlu.kiev.ua (accessed January 09, 2023)

Sertyfikatsiia lantsiuha postavok FSC [FSC supply chain certification ] Available at: https://ua.bmcertification.com/sertif%D1%96kats%D1%96ya-lantsyuga-postavok-fsc/?gclid=CjwKCAjwyaWZBhBGEiwACslQo7-YUpnArx7P514VyvsFW020uvz_zz0 (accessed January 09, 2023)

Vasylyuk, O. (2022). Consequences of hostilities for the nature reserve fund of Ukraine. Available at: https://wwfeu.awsassets.panda.org/downloads/_wwf_pptx.pdf (accessed January 29, 2023)