EMPLOYMENT OF REFUGEES FROM UKRAINE DURING THE WAR: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published: Dec 2, 2022

Abstract

This paper describes the pecularities of employment of refugees from Ukraine in the European countries during the war. The main directions of migration of refugees are analyzed. It is established that the most refugees are located in Poland. The main features of the employment of Ukrainian refugees in Poland, the fields of their employment, were studied. The main trends in the development of the labor market are analyzed, taking into account the forced migration of Ukrainians. The peculiarities of the rights of Ukrainians in Poland after their arrival on February 24, 2022 were studied. The results of a survey of Ukrainians regarding the conditions of their stay in Poland, impressions of the key areas of life are presented. It was established that the influx of refugees from Ukraine to Europe is the largest wave of migration since the Second World War. It has been established that the level of education and qualifications of Ukrainian refugees is quite high, and that is why they quickly find work in Europe. As a result, this wave of migration could have a negative effect on the labour potential of Ukraine, given the high probability of non-return of Ukrainain refugees, especially for youth.

How to Cite

Riabovolyk, T., Androshchuk, I., & Pitel, N. (2022). EMPLOYMENT OF REFUGEES FROM UKRAINE DURING THE WAR: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS. Baltic Journal of Legal and Social Sciences, (3), 70-78. https://doi.org/10.30525/2592-8813-2022-3-9
Article views: 184 | PDF Downloads: 193

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

employment of refugees, human capital, migration, labour migrants, spheres of activity

References
1. Melnyk, S. (2022, April 24). Ukraintsi zmozhut dopomohty Yevropi podolaty defitsyt robochoi syly – MVF [Ukrainians can help Europe overcome labor shortage – IMF]. Retrieved from https://www.epravda.com.ua/rus/news/2022/04/24/686188/ [in Ukrainian].
2. Za dva misiatsi povnomasshtabnoi viiny z RF iz Ukrainy vyikhaly maizhe 5,5 miliona bizhentsiv – OON. (2022, April 28). Ofitsiinyi sait hazety ZMINA [Official website of the newspaper ZMINA]. Retrieved from https://zmina.info/news/za-dva-misyaczi-povnomasshtabnoyi-vijny-z-rf-iz-ukrayiny-vyyihaly-majzhe-55-miljona-bizhencziv-oon/ [in Ukrainian].
3. Melnyk, S. (2022, April 27). Robotu u Polshchi znaishly 80 tysiach ukrainskykh bizhentsiv [80,000 Ukrainian refugees found work in Poland]. Retrieved from https://www.epravda.com.ua/news/2022/04/27/686314/ [in Ukrainian].
4. Ukrainska pravda (2022, April 12). Polska vlada styknulasia z problemamy pry pratsevlashtuvanni ukrainskykh bizhentsiv [The Polish authorities faced problems in the employment of Ukrainian refugees]. Retrieved from https://www.epravda.com.ua/news/2022/04/12/685626/ [in Ukrainian].
5. Androshchuk, H. (2022, April 20). Mozhlyvist pratsevlashtuvannia ukrainskykh bizhentsiv u Polshchi: rezultaty doslidzhen [The possibility of employment of Ukrainian refugees in Poland: research results]. Retrieved from https://yur-gazeta.com/golovna/mozhlivist-pracevlashtuvannya-ukrayinskih-bizhenciv-u-polshchi-rezultati-doslidzhen.html [in Ukrainian].
6. Bankier.pl (2022, April 5). Firmy chcą zatrudniać uchodźców z Ukrainy. Najwięcej pracy czeka w tych branżach [The companies want to employ refugees from Ukraine. The most work is in these industries]. Retrieved from https://www.bankier.pl/wiadomosc/Firmy-chca-zatrudniac-uchodzcowz-Ukrainy-Najwiecej-pracy-czeka-w-tych-branzach-8312823.html [in Polish].
7. Mitek, M. (2022, April 14). Ukraińcy w Polsce. Jak fala uchodźców zmieni nasz rynek pracy? [Ukrainians in Poland. How will the wave of refugees change our labor market?]. Retrieved from https://forsal.pl/praca/artykuly/8397010,ukraincy-wplyw-na-rynek-pracy-polska-uchodzcy-zatrudnienie.html [in Polish].
8. DoRZECZY (2022, April 19). Ile osób wyjechało na Ukrainę od początku wojny? Nowe dane Straży Granicznej [How many people have left for Ukraine since the beginning of the war? New data of the Border Guard]. Retrieved from https://dorzeczy.pl/kraj/290692/sg-z-polski-na-ukraine-od-poczatkuwojny-wyjechalo-738-tys-osob.html [in Polish].
9. Slovo i dilo. Analitychnyi portal (2022, April 4). Sotsiolohy ziasuvaly, skilky ukrainskykh bizhentsiv planuiut povernutys pislia viiny [Sociologists found out how many Ukrainian refugees plan to return after the war]. Retrieved from https://www.slovoidilo.ua/2022/04/04/novyna/suspilstvo/socziolohy-zyasuvaly-skilky-ukrayinskyx-bizhencziv-planuyut-povernutys-pislya-vijny [in Ukrainian].
10. Gradus Research Company (2022, May 31). Ofitsiinyi sait [Official site]. Retrieved from https://gradus.app/uk/open-reports/ [in Ukrainian].