LAND LEGAL RELATIONS UNDER THE LEGISLATION OF POLAND AND UKRAINE: A COMPARATIVE LEGAL ANALYSIS

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published: Oct 26, 2022

Abstract

The article carres out a professional comparative legal analysis of the legislation of Ukraine and Poland in the field of land law regulation. Attention was primarily focused on the directions of development of land relations for completeness and a comprehensive presentation of the research , the concepts and terms most open to the understanding of the society were considered, in particular – «land legal relations», «land plot», «real estate», «land ownership», «land real estate», «real estate» and the general features and differences of these concepts in Ukrainian and Polish legislation are outlined. The article discloses the features of land management and cadastre in the system of land legal relations of both states, highlights the differences in the basic approaches of modern land management, in particular, the use of an innovative type of documentation for the Ukrainian legislator – a comprehensive spatial development plan. It has been studied that the cadastre system of Poland, unlike the cadastre system of Ukraine, is multifunctional and contains information about land plots and other real estate objects. It was found that land relations in Ukraine and Poland are regulated by a number of normative legal acts, while the essence of normative legal regulation is the division of land legal relations into relations of a public and private nature, which is a kind of standard of land relations regarding a land plot as a part of the earth surface and the corresponding natural resource. It was also found that at the current stage of the development of land legal relations, the formation of the latest approaches in understanding the infrastructure of geospatial data is decisive for both states, which is a potentially new step in the development of land relations in a systemic relationship with other types of natural resources (water, forest, plant life, etc.). Special attention is paid to the results of the study, based on the own analysis, a number of inherent and distinctive features of the legislation of Poland and Ukraine in the field of land law regulation have been singled out. It is noted that turning to the experience of other countries is a potentially important and promising direction in the development of modern Ukrainian legislation. Attention is focused on the importance of studying the experience of other countries, in particular Poland, which will contribute to the transformation of Ukrainian land legislation in the formation of norms that will contribute to the development of Ukrainian society.

How to Cite

Tsvigun, I. (2022). LAND LEGAL RELATIONS UNDER THE LEGISLATION OF POLAND AND UKRAINE: A COMPARATIVE LEGAL ANALYSIS. Baltic Journal of Legal and Social Sciences, (2), 217-221. https://doi.org/10.30525/2592-8813-2022-2-36
Article views: 87 | PDF Downloads: 148

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

land plot, land ownership, real estate, cadastre, land management, land protection.

References
1. Cyviljnyj kodeks Ukrajiny [Civil Code of Ukraine] dated 16 January 2003 No. 435-IV. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/435-15#Text (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
2. Zemeljnyj kodeks Ukrajiny [Land Code of Ukraine] dated 25 October 2001 No. 2768-III. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/2768-14#Text (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
3. Kodeks cyviljnyj [Civil Code] dated 23 April 1964 URL: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/download.xsp/WDU19640160093/U/ D19640093Lj.pdf (in Poland) (accessed 28 July 2022)
4. Pro upravlinnja nerukhomistju [On real estate management] Law of Poland dated 21 August 1997. URL: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap. nsf/download.xsp/WDU19971150741/U/D19970741Lj.pdf (in Poland) (accessed 28 July 2022)
5. Pro zemleustrij [On Land Management] Law of Ukraine dated 22 May 2003. No. 858-IV. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/858-15#Text (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
6. Kempa O. (2017) Kadastr u Poljshhi: suchasnyj stan i perspektyvy rozvytku [Cadastre in Poland: current state and development prospects] Land management, cadastre and land monitoring. No. 1'2017. pp. 50-57. URL: http://journals.nubip.edu.ua/index.php/ Zemleustriy/article/view/8615/8041 (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
7. Pro Derzhavnyj zemeljnyj kadastr [On the State Land Cadastre] Law of Ukraine of dated 7 July 2011. No. 3613-VI. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3613-17#Text (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
8. Pro nacionaljnu infrastrukturu gheoprostorovykh danykh [On the National Infrastructure of Geospatial Data] Law of Ukraine dated 13 April 2020. No. 554-IX URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/554-20#Text (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
9. Konstytucija Ukrajiny [Constitution of Ukraine] dated 28 June 1996. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ 254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
10. Zakon z planuvannja ta prostorovogho rozvytku [On Planning and Spatial Development] Law of Poland dated 27 March 2003. URL: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/download.xsp/WDU20030800717/U/D20030717Lj.pdf (in Poland) (accessed 28 July 2022)
11. Pro zasady polityky rozvytku [On the principles of development policy] Law of Poland dated 6 December 2006. URL: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/download.xsp/WDU20062271658/U/D20061658Lj.pdf (in Poland) (accessed 28 July 2022)
12. Tsvigun I. (2022) Do pytannja pravovogho reghuljuvannja zemeljnykh pravovidnosyn za zakonodavstvom Ukrajiny ta Poljshhi [On the issue of legal regulation of land relations under the laws of Ukraine and Poland]. The International Scientific Internet Conference with the assistance of the Public Organization «Scientific Community» (Ternopil, Ukrainian) and Wyższej Szkoły Społeczno-Gospodarcza w Przeworsku (Perevorsk, Poland) dated 09-10 June 2022. pp. 41-44. URL: http://www.lex-line.com.ua/? go=full_article&id=3380 (in Ukrainian and Poland) (accessed 28 July 2022)
13. Vodne parvo [Water law] Law of Poland dated 20 July 2017. URL: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails. xsp?id=WDU20210000624 (in Poland) (accessed 28 July 2022)
14. Zakon pro lisy [On forests] Law of Poland dated 28 September 1991. URL: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails. xsp?id=WDU20210001275 (in Poland) (accessed 28 July 2022)
15. Pro derzhavnu rejestraciju rechovykh prav na nerukhome majno ta jikh obtjazhenj [On State Registration of Real Property Rights and Encumbrances] Law of Ukraine 1 July 2004. No. 1952-IV. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1952-15#Text (in Ukrainian) (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
16. Kulinich P. (2018) Zemeljne rejderstvo jak neghatyvne pravove javyshhe: doktrynaljnyj analiz ta shljakhy podolannja [Land grabbing as a negative legal phenomenon: doctrine analysis and ways of overcoming] Almanac of law. Issue 9. pp. 62-67 URL: http:// almanahprava.org.ua/files/almana-prava.-vipusk-9-_2018_.pdf (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)
17. Krasnova Yu.A., Bazunko O.A. (2021) Gharantiji realizaciji prava ghromadjan Ukrajiny na sudovyj zakhyst ekologhichnykh prav [Guarantees of realization of the right of citizens of Ukraine to judicial protection of environmental rights] Private and public law. No. 1/2021. pp. 28-32. URL: http://pp-law.in.ua/archive/1_2021/7.pdf (in Ukrainian) (accessed 28 July 2022)