BALANCED DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM AND RESORT AND RECREATIONAL SPHERE: INTERNATIONAL, NATIONAL AND REGIONAL VECTORS

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published: Nov 30, 2022

  Inna Irtyshcheva

  Marianna Stehnei

  Nod Orshoia

Abstract

The subject of the study is international, national and regional vectors of balanced development of tourism and resort and recreational sphere. Methodology. The study used general scientific methods, in particular: theoretical generalization; methods of positive and normative analysis and statistical analysis. The aim is to substantiate the process of balanced development of tourism and resort and recreational sphere using international, national and regional vectors in modern conditions. Conclusion of the study. International experience of balanced tourism development has shown that among the leading countries in tourism are France, USA, China, Spain, Italy, Turkey, Mexico, Thailand. It is emphasized that these countries are annually visited by 30 to 100 million tourists. It was noted that France ranks first among the countries that attract tourists, the tourist flow to which in 2019 amounted to 217.8 million people, in 2020 it decreased to 117.1 million people, or almost 1.86 times; in second place among the leading countries is the United States of America, where in 2019 the tourist flow amounted to 167.4 million people, and in 2020 it decreased by almost 3.7 times and amounted to 44.7 million people; China ranks third in terms of tourist visits in 2019 – 167.5 million people, in 2020 it decreased to 30.4 million people, or 5.3 times. Analysis of the national experience of tourism development showed that the pandemic of viral infection also had the most significant impact on the reduction of tourist flows in Ukraine. It is noted that in 2019, the reduction of inbound tourists was almost 4 times, while the reduction of tourists in 2014 at the beginning of military aggression was 1.8 times. The authors consider it appropriate to predict a slight reduction in tourist flows during a full-scale war between Russia and Ukraine and to ensure the development of an innovative model of balanced development of national tourism. The creation of an innovative model of balanced development of tourism and resort and recreational sphere with the use of international, national and regional vectors is quite relevant in modern conditions. It is proved that such a model should ensure the achievement of public interests, short-term and long-term goals in solving alternative tasks of obtaining quick and maximum profit by the tourism business and meeting the needs of international tourist traffic and international capital in solving the problem of geographical promotion of tourist flows to new territories.

How to Cite

Irtyshcheva, I., Stehnei, M., & Orshoia, N. (2022). BALANCED DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM AND RESORT AND RECREATIONAL SPHERE: INTERNATIONAL, NATIONAL AND REGIONAL VECTORS. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 8(4), 96-101. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2022-8-4-96-101
Article views: 313 | PDF Downloads: 182

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

international tourism, tourist flows, coronavirus pandemic, military aggression

References

Alexandrova, A. Yu. (2009). Geography of tourism. M.: KNORUS, 592 p.

UNWTO (2022). Available at: https://www.unwto.org/tourism-statistics/key-tourism-statistics

Kryvenkova, R. Yu. (2016). Foreign experience in the formation of tourism potential. Public administration: improvement and development, 4. Available at: http://www.dy.nayka.com.ua/pdf/4_2019/43.pdf

Yukhnovska, Yu. O. (2020). Theoretical principles of balanced development of the potential of the national tourism industry. Review of transport economics and management, vol. 3(19), pp. 66–78.

Tkach, U. V. (2019). Sustainable development of the tourism sphere of the region: theoretical basis and conditions of formation. Actual problems of innovative economy, vol. 3, pp. 67–74.

Nezdoyminov, S. G. (2012). "Green" vector of regional tourism. Herald of socio-economic research, vol. 2 (45), pp. 348–353.

Koshkalda, I., Kalinichenko, S., Groholskyi, V., & Hrybinyk, A. (2022). Regional approach to tourism product development. Bulletin of the Khmelnytskyi National University, vol. 3, pp. 51–55.

8D. A. Simonenko (2020). Infrastructure projects as a basis for the development of resort and recreation areas. Efficient economy, vol. 8. Available at: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/pdf/8_2020/154.pdf

Irtyshcheva, I. and etc. (2022). The economy of war and postwar economic development: world and Ukrainian realities. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 8, рр. 78–82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2022-8-2-78-82

Popadynets, N., et al. (2021). Evaluation of Domestic Market Development in Ukraine, International Conference on Intelligent Human Systems Integration, 357–363.

Yakymchuk, A. et al. (2021). Economic Diagnostics and Management of Eco-Innovations: Conceptual Model of Taxonomic Analysis. 4th International Conference on Intelligent Human Systems Integration (IHSI) – Integrating People and Intelligent Systems, 573–579.

Popadynets, N. et al. (2021). Analysis and Modeling of Factor Determinants for Ukraine Hotels and Tourist Sphere. 4th International Conference on Intelligent Human Systems Integration (IHSI) – Integrating People and Intelligent Systems, 509–515.

Pletsan, Khr., et al. (2021). Creative industries in the socio-cultural space. Ad alta-journal of interdisciplinary research, vol. 11, pp. 124–128.

Other articles by author(s)