INNOVATION INFRASTRUCTURE AS A FOUNDATION FOR BUSINESS PROCESS DEVELOPMENT
Innovation infrastructure is most often associated with research activities and high-tech production. From a strategic point of view, innovation infrastructure ensures the process of realization of new or improved products, processes or production methods, thus creating the basis for highly efficient activities. In this sense, the formation of innovative infrastructure is extremely important for Ukraine as a basis for the development of high-tech industries and increasing the efficiency of business processes. Methodology. The article presents the authors' method of calculating the formation of innovation infrastructure as a basis for the development of effective business processes. According to it, it is a set of objects that create conditions for innovation and the presence of such objects can conclude the formation of innovation infrastructure. The proposed methodological approach consists of three blocks, including target block, preparation unit, evaluation and diagnostic unit. In this case the object of evaluation is innovation infrastructure. Therefore, the evaluation process should determine the level of innovation infrastructure formation. Results. On the basis of the scores of the indicators of formation of innovation infrastructure, on the one hand, it is proposed to determine a generalized score of formation of innovation infrastructure by oblasts, and on the other – an integrated specific score by provision of its facilities. Thus, the main indicators for assessing the formation of innovation infrastructure are the number of technology parks, the number of industrial parks, the number of science parks, the number of business incubators, the number of innovation centers, the number of free economic zones (with intellectual property units), the number of regional science centers. The correspondence of separate objects of innovation infrastructure with the stages of innovation process provided by them is given. It is determined that technology parks provide generation, transfer and development of knowledge, innovation centers – generation and transfer of knowledge, business incubators – acquisition and use of knowledge. Taking into account this comparative characteristic, the weight coefficients of each object of innovation infrastructure are determined. On the basis of concretization, the average score of formation of innovation infrastructure in oblasts is determined, which corresponds to the integrated score of formation of innovation infrastructure of Ukraine. Practical implications. The rating of the effectiveness of innovation infrastructure by oblasts was calculated. The top five leaders are: Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhia, Lviv, Dnipro, and Kyiv Oblasts and the city of Kyiv itself. The efficiency rating of the leading oblasts almost completely coincides with the indicator of innovation infrastructure development, with the exception of Donetsk Oblast, which has a better indicator of development than efficiency, and Zaporizhzhia Oblast, on the contrary, has an efficient infrastructure despite its low development.
How to Cite
innovations, innovation infrastructure, innovation process, business processes, research base, technology parks
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